Phagosome formation and maturation are essential innate immune mechanisms to engulf and digest foreign particles. To analyze these processes quantitatively, we established a specific Escherichia coli probe expressing a tandem fluorescent protein, comprising glutathione S-transferase fused with monomeric Cherry (mCherry) and monomeric Venus (mVenus). We demonstrated that mVenus was more susceptible to bleaching in an acidic environment than mCherry, and that the mVenus:mCherry fluorescence intensity ratio can be used to monitor phagosomal pH changes during maturation. Using this probe, we revealed that synaptosomal-associated protein of 23 kDa, a plasma membrane soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor protein, actively regulated phagocytosis of E. coli and subsequent phagosome maturation in macrophages. Our results indicated that this probe has the potential to be a powerful tool in understanding the molecular mechanisms of phagosome formation and maturation.