RRC ID 65510
Author Monasterio BG, Jiménez-Rojo N, García-Arribas AB, Riezman H, Goñi FM, Alonso A.
Title CHO/LY-B cell growth under limiting sphingolipid supply: Correlation between lipid composition and biophysical properties of sphingolipid-restricted cell membranes.
Journal FASEB J
Abstract Sphingolipids (SL) are ubiquitous in mammalian cell membranes, yet there is little data on the behavior of cells under SL-restriction conditions. LY-B cells derive from a CHO linein whichserine palmitoyl transferase (SPT), thus de novo SL synthesis, is suppressed, while maintaining the capacity of taking up and metabolizing exogenous sphingoid bases from the culture medium. In this study, LY-B cells were adapted to grow in a fetal bovine serum (FBS)-deficient medium to avoid external uptake of lipids. The lowest FBS concentration that allowed LY-B cell growth, though at a slow rate, under our conditions was 0.04%, that is, 250-fold less than the standard (10%) concentration. Cells grown under limiting SL concentrations remained viable for at least 72 hours. Enriching with sphingomyelin the SL-deficient medium allowed the recovery of growth rates analogous to those of control LY-B cells. Studies including whole cells, plasma membrane preparations, and derived lipid vesicles were carried out. Laurdan fluorescence was recorded to measure membrane molecular order, showing a significant decrease in the rigidity of LY-B cells, not only in plasma membrane but also in whole cell lipid extract, as a result of SL limitation in the growth medium. Plasma membrane preparations and whole cell lipid extracts were also studied using atomic force microscopy in the force spectroscopy mode. Force measurements demonstrated that lower breakthrough forces were required to penetrate samples obtained from SL-poor LY-B cells than those obtained from control cells. Mass-spectroscopic analysis was also a helpful tool to understand the rearrangement undergone by the LY-B cell lipid metabolism. The most abundant SL in LY-B cells, sphingomyelin, decreased by about 85% as a result of SL limitation in the medium, the bioactive lipid ceramide and the ganglioside precursor hexosylceramide decreased similarly, together with cholesterol. Quantitative SL analysis showed that a 250-fold reduction in sphingolipid supply to LY-B cells led only to a sixfold decrease in membrane sphingolipids, underlining the resistance to changes in composition of these cells. Plasma membrane compositions exhibited similar changes, at least qualitatively, as the whole cells with SL restriction. A linear correlation was observed between the sphingomyelin concentration in the membranes, the degree of lipid order as measured by laurdan fluorescence, and membrane breakthrough forces assessed by atomic force microscopy. Smaller, though significant, changes were also detected in glycerophospholipids under SL-restriction conditions.
Volume 35(6)
Pages e21657
Published 2021-6-1
DOI 10.1096/fj.202001879RR
PMID 34010474
MeSH Animals CHO Cells Cell Membrane / metabolism* Cell Proliferation* Cricetinae Cricetulus Glycerophospholipids / metabolism* Membrane Lipids / chemistry* Membrane Lipids / metabolism* Sphingolipids / metabolism*
IF 4.966
Human and Animal Cells LY-B(RCB1698)