RRC ID 65771
Author Kanamaru R, Ohzawa H, Miyato H, Yamaguchi H, Hosoya Y, Lefor AK, Sata N, Kitayama J.
Title Neutrophil Extracellular Traps Generated by Low Density Neutrophils Obtained from Peritoneal Lavage Fluid Mediate Tumor Cell Growth and Attachment.
Journal J Vis Exp
Abstract Activated neutrophils release neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs), which can capture and destroy microbes. Recent studies suggest that NETs are involved in various disease processes, such as autoimmune disease, thrombosis, and tumor metastases. Here, we show a detailed in vitro technique to detect NET activity during the trapping of free tumor cells, which grow after attachment to NETs. First, we collected low density neutrophils (LDN) from postoperative peritoneal lavage fluid from patients who underwent laparotomies. Short-term culturing of LDN resulted in massive NET formation that was visualized with green fluorescent nuclear and chromosome counterstain. After co-incubation of human gastric cancer cell lines MKN45, OCUM-1, and NUGC-4 with the NETs, many tumor cells were trapped by the NETs. Subsequently, the attachment was completely abrogated by the degradation of NETs with DNase I. Time-lapse video revealed that tumor cells trapped by the NETs did not die but instead grew vigorously in a continuous culture. These methods may be applied to the detection of adhesive interactions between NETs and various types of cells and materials.
Volume (138)
Published 2018-8-3
DOI 10.3791/58201
PMID 30124642
PMC PMC6126606
MeSH Cell Proliferation Extracellular Traps / genetics* Humans Neoplasms / metabolism* Neoplasms / pathology Neutrophils / immunology* Peritoneal Lavage / methods*
IF 1.163
Human and Animal Cells MKN45(RCB1001) NUGC-4(RCB1939)