RRC ID 66160
Author Jeong D, Kim HS, Kim HY, Kang MJ, Jung H, Oh Y, Kim D, Koh J, Cho SY, Jeon YK, Lee EB, Lee SH, Shin EC, Kim HM, Yi EC, Chung DH.
Title Soluble Fas ligand drives autoantibody-induced arthritis by binding to DR5/TRAIL-R2.
Journal Elife
Abstract To date, no study has demonstrated that soluble Fas ligand (sFasL)-mediated inflammation is regulated via interaction with Fas in vivo. We found that FasL interacts specifically with tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily (TNFRSF)10B, also known as death receptor (DR)5. Autoantibody-induced arthritis (AIA) was attenuated in FasL (Faslgld/gld)- and soluble FasL (FaslΔs/Δs)-deficient mice, but not in Fas (Faslpr/lpr and Fas-/-)- or membrane FasL (FaslΔm/Δm)-deficient mice, suggesting sFasL promotes inflammation by binding to a Fas-independent receptor. Affinity purification mass spectrometry analysis using human (h) fibroblast-like synovial cells (FLSCs) identified DR5 as one of several proteins that could be the elusive Fas-independent FasL receptor. Subsequent cellular and biochemical analyses revealed that DR5 interacted specifically with recombinant FasL-Fc protein, although the strength of this interaction was approximately 60-fold lower than the affinity between TRAIL and DR5. A microarray assay using joint tissues from mice with arthritis implied that the chemokine CX3CL1 may play an important downstream role of the interaction. The interaction enhanced Cx3cl1 transcription and increased sCX3CL1 production in FLSCs, possibly in an NF-κB-dependent manner. Moreover, the sFasL-DR5 interaction-mediated CX3CL1-CX3CR1 axis initiated and amplified inflammation by enhancing inflammatory cell influx and aggravating inflammation via secondary chemokine production. Blockade of FasL or CX3CR1 attenuated AIA. Therefore, the sFasL-DR5 interaction promotes inflammation and is a potential therapeutic target.
Volume 10
Published 2021-7-5
DOI 10.7554/eLife.48840
PII 48840
PMID 34223817
PMC PMC8257255
MeSH Animals Arthritis / immunology* Autoantibodies / adverse effects* Cell Line Fas Ligand Protein / metabolism* Humans Jurkat Cells Mice Receptors, TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand / metabolism*
IF 7.08
Mice RBRC01474