RRC ID 68063
Author Fumoto T, Yamaguchi T, Hirose F, Osumi T.
Title Orphan nuclear receptor Nur77 accelerates the initial phase of adipocyte differentiation in 3T3-L1 cells by promoting mitotic clonal expansion.
Journal J Biochem
Abstract Nur77 is an orphan member of the nuclear receptor superfamily that is expressed in various types of cells and mediates diverse biological processes. Although Nur77 mRNA is induced in the early stage of adipogenesis of 3T3-L1 cells, its roles are not known. To address this issue, we closely inspected the expression of Nur77 mRNA and protein during differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells. Nur77 was induced rapidly and transiently at both mRNA and protein levels only in the initial phase of differentiation induction, and localized almost exclusively in the nuclei. Isobutylmethylxanthine was essential for the induction of Nur77 protein, acting by at least in part protecting the protein from rapid degradation by proteasome. Nur77 siRNA resulted in delayed adipogenesis in 3T3-L1, accompanied by retarded mitotic clonal expansion. These effects were mediated at least partly by decreased expression of cyclins D and E. Constitutive expression of Nur77 inhibited adipogenesis of 3T3-L1, accompanied by enhanced expression of cyclin D1 and prolonged mitotic clonal expansion. Moreover, constitutive expression of Nur77 inhibited, but transient induction of Nur77 promoted, adipogenesis in NIH-3T3 cells. These results suggest that Nur77 accelerates adipocyte differentiation by regulating cell cycle progression and the rapid and transient induction is crucial for its action.
Volume 141(2)
Pages 181-92
Published 2007-2-1
DOI 10.1093/jb/mvm018
PII mvm018
PMID 17167038
MeSH 3T3-L1 Cells Adipocytes / cytology* Animals Cell Differentiation* DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism* Mice Mitosis* NIH 3T3 Cells Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 4, Group A, Member 1 RNA, Small Interfering Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear / genetics Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear / metabolism* Receptors, Steroid / genetics Receptors, Steroid / metabolism* Transcription Factors / genetics Transcription Factors / metabolism*
IF 2.476
DNA material CSII-EF-MCS-IRES2-Venus (RDB04384)