RRC ID 68609
Author Wang J, Zhang H, Kaul A, Li K, Priyandoko D, Kaul SC, Wadhwa R.
Title Effect of Ashwagandha Withanolides on Muscle Cell Differentiation.
Journal Biomolecules
Abstract Withania somnifera (Ashwagandha) is used in Indian traditional medicine, Ayurveda, and is believed to have a variety of health-promoting effects. The molecular mechanisms and pathways underlying these effects have not yet been sufficiently explored. In this study, we investigated the effect of Ashwagandha extracts and their major withanolides (withaferin A and withanone) on muscle cell differentiation using C2C12 myoblasts. We found that withaferin A and withanone and Ashwagandha extracts possessing different ratios of these active ingredients have different effects on the differentiation of C2C12. Withanone and withanone-rich extracts caused stronger differentiation of myoblasts to myotubes, deaggregation of heat- and metal-stress-induced aggregated proteins, and activation of hypoxia and autophagy pathways. Of note, the Parkinson's disease model of Drosophila that possess a neuromuscular disorder showed improvement in their flight and climbing activity, suggesting the potential of Ashwagandha withanolides for the management of muscle repair and activity.
Volume 11(10)
Published 2021-10-4
DOI 10.3390/biom11101454
PII biom11101454
PMID 34680087
PMC PMC8533065
MeSH Animals Cell Differentiation / drug effects* Cell Line Humans Medicine, Ayurvedic / trends Mice Muscle Cells / drug effects Parkinson Disease / drug therapy Parkinson Disease / pathology Plant Extracts / chemistry* Plant Extracts / pharmacology Withanolides / chemistry Withanolides / pharmacology*
IF 4.082
Human and Animal Cells C2C12(RCB0987)