RRC ID 68828
Author Zhang P, Ohkawa Y, Yamamoto S, Momota H, Kato A, Kaneko K, Natsume A, Farhana Y, Ohmi Y, Okajima T, Bhuiyan RH, Wakabayashi T, Furukawa K, Furukawa K.
Title St8sia1-deficiency in mice alters tumor environments of gliomas, leading to reduced disease severity.
Journal Nagoya J Med Sci
Abstract Ganglioside GD3/GD2 are over-expressed in various neuroectoderm-derived tumors. Previous studies indicated that GD3 is involved in the enhancement of cancer properties such as rapid growth and increased invasiveness. However, little is known about the functions of GD3/GD2 in glioma cells and glioma microenvironments. To clarify the functions of GD3/GD2 in gliomas, we used a mouse glioma model based on the RCAS/Gtv-a system. At first, we compared the gliomas size between wild-type (WT) and GD3 synthase (GD3S) knockout (KO) mice, showing a less malignant histology and slower tumor growth in GD3S-KO mice than in WT mice. Immunohistochemistry of glioma sections from WT and GD3S-KO mice revealed that reactive microglia/macrophages showed different localization patterns between the two genetic types of mice. CD68+ cells were more frequently stained inside glioma tissues of GD3S-KO mice, while they were stained mainly around glioma tissues in WT mice. The number of CD68+ cells markedly increased in tumor tissues of GD3S-KO mice at 2 weeks after injection of transfectant DF-1 cells. Furthermore, CD68+ cells in GD3S(-/-) glioma tissues expressed higher levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase. We observed higher expression levels of pro-inflammatory cytokine genes in primary-cultured glioma cells of WT mice than in GD3S-KO mice. DNA microarray data also revealed differential expression levels of various cytokines and chemokines in glioma tissues between WT and GD3S-KO mice. These results suggest that expression of GD3S allows glioma cells to promote polarization of microglia/macrophages towards M2-like phenotypes by modulating the expression levels of chemokines and cytokines.
Volume 83(3)
Pages 535-549
Published 2021-8-1
DOI 10.18999/nagjms.83.3.535
PMID 34552288
PMC PMC8438004
MeSH Animals Cytokines Glioma* / genetics Mice Mice, Knockout Severity of Illness Index Tumor Microenvironment
IF 0.762
Mice RBRC01361