Tan T, Zhao Q, Kuwae H, Ueno T, Chen P, Tsutsumi Y, Mizuno J, Hanawa T, Wakabayashi N.
Ti-Zr alloys have been investigated as an alternative to commercially pure Ti (c.p.Ti). According to our previous studies on the mechanical properties of Ti-Zr alloys, a Zr proportion in the range of 30-50 mol% has competitive advantages over Ti-10Zr and c.p.Ti. The aim of this study is to evaluate the biological response to Ti-Zr alloys with different compositions and their surface characteristics. Alloy surfaces are modified by sandblasting and sulfuric acid etching. As a result, similar surface structures are observed for c.p.Ti, Ti-10Zr, and Ti-30Zr, whereas Ti-50Zr does not form a micro-rough structure by the same treatment process. No significant difference is found in the viability of cells on c.p.Ti, Ti-10Zr, and Ti-30Zr, whereas lower cell attachment levels are detected on Ti-50Zr. In summary, Ti-30Zr reliably forms a micro-rough structure, which provides one evidence for its application in a new dental implant material.