RRC ID 69485
Author Goto T, Torii S, Kondo A, Kawakami J, Yagi H, Suekane M, Kataoka Y, Nishikata T.
Title Dynamic changes in the association between maternal mRNAs and endoplasmic reticulum during ascidian early embryogenesis.
Journal Dev Genes Evol
Abstract Axis formation is one of the most important events occurring at the beginning of animal development. In the ascidian egg, the antero-posterior axis is established at this time owing to a dynamic cytoplasmic movement called cytoplasmic and cortical reorganisation. During this movement, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum (ER), and maternal mRNAs (postplasmic/PEM RNAs) are translocated to the future posterior side. Although accumulating evidence indicates the crucial roles played by the asymmetrical localisation of these organelles and the translational regulation of postplasmic/PEM RNAs, the organisation of ER has not been described in sufficient detail to date owing to technical difficulties. In this study, we developed three different multiple staining protocols for visualising the ER in combination with mitochondria, microtubules, or mRNAs in whole-mount specimens. We defined the internally expanded "dense ER" using these protocols and described cisterna-like structures of the dense ER using focused ion beam-scanning electron microscopy. Most importantly, we described the dynamic changes in the colocalisation of postplasmic/PEM mRNAs and dense ER; for example, macho-1 mRNA was detached and excluded from the dense ER during the second phase of ooplasmic movements. These detailed descriptions of the association between maternal mRNA and ER can provide clues for understanding the translational regulation mechanisms underlying axis determination during ascidian early embryogenesis.
Volume 232(1)
Pages 1-14
Published 2022-2-1
DOI 10.1007/s00427-021-00683-y
PII 10.1007/s00427-021-00683-y
PMID 34921621
PMC PMC8918112
MeSH Animals Embryonic Development / genetics Endoplasmic Reticulum Oocytes RNA, Messenger / genetics RNA, Messenger, Stored* / genetics Urochordata* / genetics
IF 1.339
C.intestinalis / (O.japonicus) Wild C. int