RRC ID 70182
Author Kawai T, Hashimoto M, Eguchi N, Nishino JM, Jinno Y, Mori-Kreiner R, Aspåker M, Chiba D, Ohtsuka Y, Kawanabe A, Nishino AS, Okamura Y.
Title Heterologous functional expression of ascidian Nav1 channels and close relationship with the evolutionary ancestor of vertebrate Nav channels.
Journal J Biol Chem
Abstract Voltage-gated sodium channels (Nav1s) are responsible for the initiation and propagation of action potentials in neurons, muscle, and endocrine cells. Many clinically used drugs such as local anesthetics and antiarrhythmics inhibit Nav1s, and a variety of inherited human disorders are caused by mutations in Nav1 genes. Nav1s consist of the main α subunit and several auxiliary β subunits. Detailed information on the structure-function relationships of Nav1 subunits has been obtained through heterologous expression experiments and analyses of protein structures. The basic properties of Nav1s, including their gating and ion permeation, were classically described in the squid giant axon and other invertebrates. However, heterologous functional expression of Nav1s from marine invertebrates has been unsuccessful. Ascidians belong to the Urochordata, a sister group of vertebrates, and the larval central nervous system of ascidians shows a similar plan to that of vertebrates. Here, we report the biophysical properties of ascidian Ciona Nav1 (CiNav1a) heterologously expressed in Xenopus oocytes. CiNav1a exhibited tetrodotoxin-insensitive sodium currents with rapid gating kinetics of activation and inactivation. Furthermore, consistent with the fact that the Ciona genome lacks orthologous genes to vertebrate β subunits, the human β1 subunit did not influence the gating properties when coexpressed with CiNav1a. Interestingly, CiNav1a contains an ankyrin-binding motif in the II-III linker, which can be targeted to the axon initial segment of mammalian cortical neurons. Our findings provide a platform to gain insight into the evolutionary and biophysical properties of Nav1s, which are important for the development of targeted therapeutics.
Volume 296
Pages 100783
Published 2021-1-1
DOI 10.1016/j.jbc.2021.100783
PII S0021-9258(21)00576-7
PMID 34000300
PMC PMC8192821
MeSH Animals Ciona intestinalis / genetics Ciona intestinalis / metabolism* Gene Expression Phylogeny Sodium / metabolism Voltage-Gated Sodium Channels / genetics Voltage-Gated Sodium Channels / metabolism* Xenopus
IF 4.238
C.intestinalis / (O.japonicus) Wild C. int