RRC ID 70673
Author Wiggin TD, Montgomery JE, Brunick AJ, Peck JH, Masino MA.
Title V3 Interneurons Are Active and Recruit Spinal Motor Neurons during In Vivo Fictive Swimming in Larval Zebrafish.
Journal eNeuro
Abstract Survival for vertebrate animals is dependent on the ability to successfully find food, locate a mate, and avoid predation. Each of these behaviors requires motor control, which is set by a combination of kinematic properties. For example, the frequency and amplitude of motor output combine in a multiplicative manner to determine features of locomotion such as distance traveled, speed, force (thrust), and vigor. Although there is a good understanding of how different populations of excitatory spinal interneurons establish locomotor frequency, there is a less thorough mechanistic understanding for how locomotor amplitude is established. Recent evidence indicates that locomotor amplitude is regulated in part by a subset of functionally and morphologically distinct V2a excitatory spinal interneurons (Type II, nonbursting) in larval and adult zebrafish. Here, we provide direct evidence that most V3 interneurons (V3-INs), which are a developmentally and genetically defined population of ventromedial glutamatergic spinal neurons, are active during fictive swimming. We also show that elimination of the spinal V3-IN population reduces the proportion of active motor neurons (MNs) during fictive swimming but does not alter the range of locomotor frequencies produced. These data are consistent with V3-INs providing excitatory drive to spinal MNs during swimming in larval zebrafish and may contribute to the production of locomotor amplitude independently of locomotor frequency.
Volume 9(2)
Published 2022-1-1
DOI 10.1523/ENEURO.0476-21.2022
PII ENEURO.0476-21.2022
PMID 35277451
PMC PMC8970435
MeSH Animals Interneurons / physiology Larva / physiology Locomotion / physiology Motor Neurons / physiology Spinal Cord / physiology Swimming* / physiology Zebrafish*
IF 3.544
Zebrafish Tg(vglut2a:loxP-DsRed-loxP-GFP) Tg(vglut2a:Gal4) UAS:GCaMP6s