RRC ID 71790
Author Negoro R, Tasaka M, Deguchi S, Takayama K, Fujita T.
Title Generation of HepG2 Cells with High Expression of Multiple Drug-Metabolizing Enzymes for Drug Discovery Research Using a PITCh System.
Journal Cells
Abstract HepG2 cells are an inexpensive hepatocyte model that can be used for repeated experiments, but HepG2 cells do not express major cytochrome P450s (CYPs) and UDP glucuronosyltransferase family 1 member A1 (UGT1A1). In this study, we established CYP3A4-POR-UGT1A1-CYP1A2-CYP2C19-CYP2C9-CYP2D6 (CYPs-UGT1A1) knock-in (KI)-HepG2 cells using a PITCh system to evaluate whether they could be a new hepatocyte model for pharmaceutical studies. To evaluate whether CYPs-UGT1A1 KI-HepG2 cells express and function with CYPs and UGT1A1, gene expression levels of CYPs and UGT1A1 were analyzed by using real-time PCR, and metabolites of CYPs or UGT1A1 substrates were quantified by HPLC. The expression levels of CYPs and UGT1A1 in the CYPs-UGT1A1 KI-HepG2 cells were comparable to those in primary human hepatocytes (PHHs) cultured for 48 h. The CYPs and UGT1A1 activity levels in the CYPs-UGT1A1 KI-HepG2 cells were much higher than those in the wild-type (WT)-HepG2 cells. These results suggest that the CYPs-UGT1A1 KI-HepG2 cells expressed functional CYPs and UGT1A1. We also confirmed that the CYPs-UGT1A1 KI-HepG2 cells were more sensitive to drug-induced liver toxicity than the WT-HepG2 cells. CYPs-UGT1A1 KI-HepG2 cells could be used to predict drug metabolism and drug-induced liver toxicity, and they promise to be a helpful new hepatocyte model for drug discovery research.
Volume 11(10)
Published 2022-5-18
DOI 10.3390/cells11101677
PII cells11101677
PMID 35626714
IF 4.366
Human and Animal Cells Hep G2(RCB1886)