RRC ID 72285
Author Fujita K, Tsujimura A, Miyagawa Y, Kiuchi H, Matsuoka Y, Takao T, Takada S, Nonomura N, Okuyama A.
Title Isolation of germ cells from leukemia and lymphoma cells in a human in vitro model: potential clinical application for restoring human fertility after anticancer therapy.
Journal Cancer Res
Abstract More than 70% of patients survive childhood cancer, but chemotherapy and radiation therapy may cause irreversible impairment of spermatogenesis. To treat infertility secondary to anticancer treatment for childhood cancer, we have developed a procedure to isolate germ cells from leukemic mice by fluorescence-activated cell sorting with two surface markers, and transplantation of isolated germ cells successfully restored fertility without inducing leukemia. In the present study, we analyzed human germ cells and human malignant cells, including five leukemia cell lines and three lymphoma cell lines, by fluorescence-activated cell sorting with antibodies against MHC class I and CD45. Testicular specimens were obtained from a patient who underwent surgery for testicular rupture. In the high forward scatter and low side scatter region, no malignant cells were found in the MHC class I-negative and CD45-negative fraction (the germ cell fraction), with the exception of K562 cells. A total of 39.2% of the germ cells were found in the germ cell fraction. A total of 1.45% of K562 cells were found in the germ cell fraction. Treatment with IFNgamma induced the expression of MHC class I on K562 cells but not on germ cells and made it possible to isolate germ cells from K562 cells. In conclusion, we isolated human germ cells from malignant cells with two surface markers after treatment with IFNgamma. Immunophenotyping for each patient will be necessary before isolation and induction of surface marker will be clinically applicable.
Volume 66(23)
Pages 11166-71
Published 2006-12-1
DOI 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-06-2326
PII 66/23/11166
PMID 17145860
Human and Animal Cells HL60(RCB0041) MOLT-4(RCB0206) Jurkat(RCB0806) KU812(RCB0495) U-937 DE-4(RCB0435) RAJI(RCB1647)