RRC ID 73040
Author Yu S, Wang H, Liu M, Pei F, Liu H, Zhang J, Zhang L, Li Q, Chen Z.
Title Loss of ATG5 in KRT14+ cells leads to accumulated functional impairments of salivary glands via pyroptosis.
Journal FASEB J
Abstract Macroautophagy/autophagy is critically involved in the process of salivary gland (SG) diseases such as xerostomia, which has a serious impact on quality of life. KRT14+ progenitor cells are found to be the main progenitors for maintaining the ductal homeostasis of the submandibular SGs. In this study, we investigated the role of ATG5 in SG KRT14+ cells in mice and humans. Human labial salivary glands (LSG) from primary Sjogren's syndrome (pSS) and non-pSS patients (normal), and submandibular glands (SMG) from Atg5flox/flox ; Krt14-Cre (cKO) mice were used. ATG5+ KRT14+ and p62+ KRT14+ cells were detected by immunofluorescence staining in LSG. TUNEL, immunofluorescence, immunohistochemistry, and western blot were performed to detect cell death in SMG. Saliva was collected in 12-week-old (12 W) and 32-week-old (32 W) mice, then the concentration of calcium and buffering capacity were detected to analyze the function of SG. We found that LSG from pSS patients showed increased p62 and decreased ATG5 in KRT14+ cells. We further revealed that in 32 W, (1) the function of salivary glands was significantly impaired in cKO mice, (2) cell death increased in cKO mice, but cl-Caspase 3 was not significantly changed, and (3) cleaved gasdermin D increased and was highly expressed in KRT14+ cells of cKO mice. After applying a pyroptosis inhibitor to 32 W mice, the reduced saliva flow rate was rescued. In addition, pyroptosis was also found in KRT14+ cells of pSS patients. Collectively, our results indicate that Atg5 deficiency would induce pyroptosis in mice SG, which could lead to functional impairments of SG.
Volume 36(12)
Pages e22631
Published 2022-12-1
DOI 10.1096/fj.202200946R
PMID 36342387
MeSH Animals Autophagy-Related Protein 5 / genetics Autophagy-Related Protein 5 / metabolism Humans Keratin-14 / metabolism Mice Pyroptosis Quality of Life Salivary Glands / metabolism Salivary Glands, Minor / metabolism Sjogren's Syndrome* / metabolism
IF 4.966
Mice RBRC02975