RRC ID 74234
Author Alimu Y, Ban S, Yaguchi T.
Title Molecular Phylogenetic Study of Strains Morphologically Identified as Exophiala dermatitidis from Clinical and Environmental Specimens in Japan.
Journal Med Mycol J
Abstract In this study, we aimed to clarify the phylogenetic distribution of Exophiala dermatitidis in Japan and describe the characteristics of genotypes. We examined 67 clinical and environmental isolates that were morphologically identified and preserved as E. dermatitidis and we confirmed the identification on the basis of the ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer region. Genotype sequences were aligned and compared using maximum likelihood phylogenetic tree analyses of the ITS1 region. Additionally, the strains of each genotype were tested for mycological characteristics, such as growth temperature, growth rate, and drug sensitivity. The 67 strains examined were isolated from Japan, the United States, Brazil, Venezuela, and China. In accordance with the establishment of a phylogenetic tree for the ITS1 region, 45 of the 49 Japanese strains were classified as genotype A, two as genotype B, and two as genotype D (A2 according to the method of Matos et al. (2003)). Chinese strains were divided into genotypes A and D (A2), and South American strains were classified into genotypes A, B, B2, and C2, while all strains from the U.S. belonged to genotype A. New genotype groups B2 and C2 were identified in Brazilian and Venezuelan strains, respectively. There were no specific differences among the genotypes or isolated regions in the antifungal susceptibility test for all E. dermatitidis isolates. However, genotypes B2 and D (A2) exhibited growth at higher temperatures than the other genotypes.
Volume 63(1)
Pages 1-9
Published 2022-1-1
DOI 10.3314/mmj.21-00012
PMID 35228479
MeSH DNA, Fungal / genetics Exophiala* / genetics Genotype Japan Phylogeny
Pathogenic eukaryotic microorganisms Exophiala dermatitidis IFM 4829, 4830, 40902, 61098, 61450, 57160, 67277, 41827, 41821, 41689, 41690, etc