RRC ID 75719
Author Kolanowska M.
Title Loss of fungal symbionts and changes in pollinator availability caused by climate change will affect the distribution and survival chances of myco-heterotrophic orchid species.
Journal Sci Rep
Abstract The first comprehensive species distribution models for orchid, its fungal symbionts and pollinator are presented. To evaluate impact of global warming on these organisms three different projections and four various climate change scenarios were analysed. The niche modelling was based on presence-only records of Limodorum abortivum, two species of Russula and three insects pollinating orchid (Anthophora affinis, Bombus terrestris, Rhodanthidium septemdentatum). Two sets of orchid predictions were examined-the first one included only climatic data and the second one was based on climate data and data on future distribution of orchid fungal symbionts. Overall, a poleward range shift is predicted to occur as a result of climate change and apparently global warming will be favorable for L. abortivum and its potential geographical range will expand. However, due to the negative effect of global warming on fungal symbionts of L. abortivum, the actual extension of the suitable niches of the orchid will be much limited. Considering future possibility of cross-pollination, the availability of A. affinis for L. abortivum will decrease and this bee will be available in the worst case scenarios only for 21% of orchid populations. On the other hand, the overlap of orchid and the buff-tailed bumblebee will increase and as much as 86.5% of plant populations will be located within B. terrestris potential range. Also the availability of R. septemdentatum will be higher than currently observed in almost all analysed climate change projections. This study showed the importance of inclusion of ecological factors in species distribution models as the climate data itself are not enough to estimate the future distribution of plant species. Moreover, the availability of pollen vectors which is crucial for long-term survival of orchid populations should be analysed in context of climate changes.
Volume 13(1)
Pages 6848
Published 2023-4-26
DOI 10.1038/s41598-023-33856-y
PII 10.1038/s41598-023-33856-y
PMID 37100884
PMC PMC10133392
MeSH Animals Bees Climate Change* Global Warming Insecta Orchidaceae* / microbiology Pollination
IF 3.998
GBIF Insect specimens of Bihoro Museum Fungi specimens of Saitama Museum of Natural History Hymenoptera specimen database of Kyushu University Bee occurrence data collected in "Hanamaru-Maruhana national census (Bumble bee national census)" in Japan Insect specimens of Kushiro City Museum Fungal Collection of Natural History Museum and Institute, Chiba Ibaraki Nature Museum, Arthropoda collection Ibaraki Nature Museum, Fungi collection Fungi specimens of Kawasaki Municipal Science Museum Insect specimens in the Museum of Nature and Human Activities, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan Gunma Museum of Natural History, Fungi Specimen Fungi specimen database of Kanagawa Prefectural Museum of Natural History Fungal Specimens of National Museum of Nature and Science (TNS) Insect specimens of Hokkaido University The Insect Collection of Prof. Chûjirô Sasaki and associated researchers, The University Museum, The University of Tokyo. Mycological Collection of Osaka Museum of Natural History