RRC ID 76697
Author Komuro H, Shinohara S, Fukushima Y, Demachi-Okamura A, Muraoka D, Masago K, Matsui T, Sugita Y, Takahashi Y, Nishida R, Takashima C, Ohki T, Shigematsu Y, Watanabe F, Adachi K, Fukuyama T, Hamana H, Kishi H, Miura D, Tanaka Y, Onoue K, Onoguchi K, Yamashita Y, Stratford R, Clancy T, Yamaguchi R, Kuroda H, Doi K, Iwata H, Matsushita H.
Title Single-cell sequencing on CD8+ TILs revealed the nature of exhausted T cells recognizing neoantigen and cancer/testis antigen in non-small cell lung cancer.
Journal J Immunother Cancer
Abstract BACKGROUND:CD8+tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) are often observed in non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC). However, the characteristics of CD8+ TILs, especially T-cell populations specific for tumor antigens, remain poorly understood.
METHODS:High throughput single-cell RNA sequencing and single-cell T-cell receptor (TCR) sequencing were performed on CD8+ TILs from three surgically-resected lung cancer specimens. Dimensional reduction for clustering was performed using Uniform Manifold Approximation and Projection. CD8+ TIL TCR specific for the cancer/testis antigen KK-LC-1 and for predicted neoantigens were investigated. Differentially-expressed gene analysis, Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) and single sample GSEA was performed to characterize antigen-specific T cells.
RESULTS:A total of 6998 CD8+ T cells was analyzed, divided into 10 clusters according to their gene expression profile. An exhausted T-cell (exhausted T (Tex)) cluster characterized by the expression of ENTPD1 (CD39), TOX, PDCD1 (PD1), HAVCR2 (TIM3) and other genes, and by T-cell oligoclonality, was identified. The Tex TCR repertoire (Tex-TCRs) contained nine different TCR clonotypes recognizing five tumor antigens including a KK-LC-1 antigen and four neoantigens. By re-clustering the tumor antigen-specific T cells (n=140), it could be seen that the individual T-cell clonotypes were present on cells at different stages of differentiation and functional states even within the same Tex cluster. Stimulating these T cells with predicted cognate peptide indicated that TCR signal strength and subsequent T-cell proliferation and cytokine production was variable but always higher for neoantigens than KK-LC-1.
CONCLUSIONS:Our approach focusing on T cells with an exhausted phenotype among CD8+ TILs may facilitate the identification of tumor antigens and clarify the nature of the antigen-specific T cells to specify the promising immunotherapeutic targets in patients with NSCLC.
Volume 11(8)
Published 2023-8-1
DOI 10.1136/jitc-2023-007180
PII jitc-2023-007180
PMID 37544663
PMC PMC10407349
MeSH Antigens, Neoplasm CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung* Humans Lung Neoplasms* Lymphocytes, Tumor-Infiltrating Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell Signal Transduction Testis / metabolism
IF 10.252
Human and Animal Cells 293T(RCB2202)
DNA material Human HLA-A*26:03 cDNA (RDB0) Human HLA-B*15:01:01 cDNA (RDB02875) Human HLA-B*40:01:02 cDNA (RDB02877) Human HLA-B*51:01:01 cDNA (RDB02881) Human HLA-C*07:02 cDNA (RDB02887) Human HLA-C*14:02:01 cDNA (RDB03378)