RRC ID 76880
Author Kamikawa Y, Wu Z, Nakazawa N, Ito T, Saito A, Imaizumi K.
Title Impact of cell cycle on repair of ruptured nuclear envelope and sensitivity to nuclear envelope stress in glioblastoma.
Journal Cell Death Discov
Abstract The nuclear envelope (NE) is often challenged by various stresses (known as "NE stress"), leading to its dysfunction. Accumulating evidence has proven the pathological relevance of NE stress in numerous diseases ranging from cancer to neurodegenerative diseases. Although several proteins involved in the reassembly of the NE after mitosis have been identified as the NE repair factors, the regulatory mechanisms modulating the efficiency of NE repair remain unclear. Here, we showed that response to NE stress varied among different types of cancer cell lines. U251MG derived from glioblastoma exhibited severe nuclear deformation and massive DNA damage at the deformed nuclear region upon mechanical NE stress. In contrast, another cell line derived from glioblastoma, U87MG, only presented mild nuclear deformation without DNA damage. Time-lapse imaging demonstrated that repairing of ruptured NE often failed in U251MG, but not in U87MG. These differences were unlikely to have been due to weakened NE in U251MG because the expression levels of lamin A/C, determinants of the physical property of the NE, were comparable and loss of compartmentalization across the NE was observed just after laser ablation of the NE in both cell lines. U251MG proliferated more rapidly than U87MG concomitant with reduced expression of p21, a major inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinases, suggesting a correlation between NE stress response and cell cycle progression. Indeed, visualization of cell cycle stages using fluorescent ubiquitination-based cell cycle indicator reporters revealed greater resistance of U251MG to NE stress at G1 phase than at S and G2 phases. Furthermore, attenuation of cell cycle progression by inducing p21 in U251MG counteracted the nuclear deformation and DNA damage upon NE stress. These findings imply that dysregulation of cell cycle progression in cancer cells causes loss of the NE integrity and its consequences such as DNA damage and cell death upon mechanical NE stress.
Volume 9(1)
Pages 233
Published 2023-7-8
DOI 10.1038/s41420-023-01534-7
PII 10.1038/s41420-023-01534-7
PMID 37422516
PMC PMC10329659
IF 4.114
DNA material tFucci(CA)2.2/pCSII-CMV (RDB15454)