RRC ID 77322
Author Wuputra K, Tsai MH, Kato K, Ku CC, Pan JB, Yang YH, Saito S, Wu CC, Lin YC, Cheng KH, Kuo KK, Noguchi M, Nakamura Y, Yoshioka T, Wu DC, Lin CS, Yokoyama KK.
Title Jdp2 is a spatiotemporal transcriptional activator of the AhR via the Nrf2 gene battery.
Journal Inflamm Regen
Abstract BACKGROUND:Crosstalk between the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) and nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2) signaling is called the "AhR-Nrf2 gene battery", which works synergistically in detoxification to support cell survival. Nrf2-dependent phase II gene promoters are controlled by coordinated recruitment of the AhR to adjacent dioxin responsive element (DRE) and Nrf2 recruitment to the antioxidative response element (ARE). The molecular interaction between AhR and Nrf2 members, and the regulation of each target, including phase I and II gene complexes, and their mediators are poorly understood.
METHODS:Knockdown and forced expression of AhR-Nrf2 battery members were used to examine the molecular interactions between the AhR-Nrf2 axis and AhR promoter activation. Sequential immunoprecipitation, chromatin immunoprecipitation, and histology were used to identify each protein complex recruited to their respective cis-elements in the AhR promoter. Actin fiber distribution, cell spreading, and invasion were examined to identify functional differences in the AhR-Jdp2 axis between wild-type and Jdp2 knockout cells. The possible tumorigenic role of Jdp2 in the AhR-Nrf2 axis was examined in mutant Kras-Trp53-driven pancreatic tumors.
RESULTS:Crosstalk between AhR and Nrf2 was evident at the transcriptional level. The AhR promoter was activated by phase I ligands such as 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) through the AhR-Jdp2-Nrf2 axis in a time- and spatial transcription-dependent manner. Jdp2 was a bifunctional activator of DRE- and ARE-mediated transcription in response to TCDD. After TCDD exposure, Jdp2 activated the AhR promoter at the DRE and then moved to the ARE where it activated the promoter to increase reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated functions such as cell spreading and invasion in normal cells, and cancer regression in mutant Kras-Trp53-driven pancreatic tumor cells.
CONCLUSIONS:Jdp2 plays a critical role in AhR promoter activation through the AhR-Jdp2-Nrf2 axis in a spatiotemporal manner. The AhR functions to maintain ROS balance and cell spreading, invasion, and cancer regression in a mouse model of mutant Kras-Trp53 pancreatic cancer. These findings provide new insights into the roles of Jdp2 in the homeostatic regulation of oxidative stress and in the antioxidation response in detoxification, inflammation, and cancer progression.
Volume 43(1)
Pages 42
Published 2023-8-18
DOI 10.1186/s41232-023-00290-6
PII 10.1186/s41232-023-00290-6
PMID 37596694
PMC PMC10436584
DNA material CSII-CMV-MCS-IRES2-Bsd (RDB04385) pCMV-VSV-G-RSV-Rev (RDB04393) pCAG-HIVgp (RDB04394)
Human and Animal Cells Hep G2(RCB1886) 293T(RCB2202) MCF7(RCB1904)