Takeuchi K, Tabe S, Takahashi K, Aoshima K, Matsuo M, Ueno Y, Furukawa Y, Yamaguchi K, Ohtsuka M, Morinaga S, Miyagi Y, Yamaguchi T, Tanimizu N, Taniguchi H.
The aggressiveness of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is affected by the tumor microenvironment (TME). In this study, to recapitulate the PDAC TME ex vivo, we cocultured patient-derived PDAC cells with mesenchymal and vascular endothelial cells derived from human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) to create a fused pancreatic cancer organoid (FPCO) in an air-liquid interface. FPCOs were further induced to resemble two distinct aspects of PDAC tissue. Quiescent FPCOs were drug resistant, likely because the TME consisted of abundant extracellular matrix proteins that were secreted from the various types of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) derived from hiPSCs. Proliferative FPCOs could re-proliferate after anticancer drug treatment, suggesting that this type of FPCO would be useful for studying PDAC recurrence. Thus, we generated PDAC organoids that recapitulate the heterogeneity of PDAC tissue and are a potential platform for screening anticancer drugs.