RRC ID 77664
Author Guo WY, Serra-Diaz JM, Eiserhardt WL, Maitner BS, Merow C, Violle C, Pound MJ, Sun M, Slik F, Blach-Overgaard A, Enquist BJ, Svenning JC.
Title Climate change and land use threaten global hotspots of phylogenetic endemism for trees.
Journal Nat Commun
Abstract Across the globe, tree species are under high anthropogenic pressure. Risks of extinction are notably more severe for species with restricted ranges and distinct evolutionary histories. Here, we use a global dataset covering 41,835 species (65.1% of known tree species) to assess the spatial pattern of tree species' phylogenetic endemism, its macroecological drivers, and how future pressures may affect the conservation status of the identified hotspots. We found that low-to-mid latitudes host most endemism hotspots, with current climate being the strongest driver, and climatic stability across thousands to millions of years back in time as a major co-determinant. These hotspots are mostly located outside of protected areas and face relatively high land-use change and future climate change pressure. Our study highlights the risk from climate change for tree diversity and the necessity to strengthen conservation and restoration actions in global hotspots of phylogenetic endemism for trees to avoid major future losses of tree diversity.
Volume 14(1)
Pages 6950
Published 2023-10-31
DOI 10.1038/s41467-023-42671-y
PII 10.1038/s41467-023-42671-y
PMID 37907453
PMC PMC10618213
MeSH Biodiversity* Biological Evolution Climate Change* Conservation of Natural Resources Ecosystem Phylogeny
IF 12.121
GBIF Plant specimens of Ishikawa Museum of Natural History Spermatophyte collection of Himeji City Science Museum Plant specimens of Toyota City Nature Sanctuary Plant Specimen Database of Tama Forest Science Garden, Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, Japan Plant specimens of Otaru Museum Plant specimens of Komatsu City Museum Flora of Japan Specimen Database Vascular Plant Specimens of Yamagata Prefectural Museum Vascular Plants Collection of National Museum of Nature and Science Vascular plant specimens of Akita Prefectural Museum Herbarium, University Archives and Collections, Fukushima University, Japan (FKSE) Angiospermatatophytina Collection of Saitama Museum of Natural History Plant specimens of Oiso Municipal Museum Herbarium of Hokkaido University Museum (SAPS) Vascular Plant Collection of Natural History Museum and Institute, Chiba Ibaraki Nature Museum, Vascular Plants collection Plant Specimens of Kurashiki Museum of Natural History Herbarium Specimens of Tokushima Prefectural Museum, Japan Spermatophyta specimens of Iwate Prefectural Museum Vascular Plants Collection of Sagamihara City Museum Plant specimens in the Museum of Nature and Human Activities, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan Plant specimens deposited in Osaka Museum of Natural History, Japan Vascular Plant Specimens of Kochi Prefectural Makino Botanical Garden Plant specimens of Kiritappu Wetland Center Vascular Plant Specimen database of Kanagawa Prefectural Museum of Natural History Gunma Museum of Natural History, Vascular Plant Specimen Vascular plants collection of Hiratsuka City Museum Plant specimens of Kushiro City Museum Herbarium Specimens of Bonin and Ryukyu Islands A crowdsourcing approach to collecting photo-based insect and plant observation records Vascular plant specimens of Sugadaira Research Station, Mountain Science Center, University of Tsukuba Occurrence data of woody plants in the Ginkakuzi-san National Forest Plant specimens of Parthenon Tama Museum (PTHM) Plant specimens of Obihiro Centennial City Museum Vascular plant specimens of Nagano Environmental Conservation Research Institute, Nagano Prefecture Plant Observation Records of Japan Plant specimens of Toyota City Nature Sanctuary (from non-museum circle) Vascular plant specimens of Toyama Science Museum