RRC ID 77811
Author Baba Y, Onishi-Sakamoto S, Ide K, Nishifuji K.
Title Nestin is a marker of unipotent embryonic and adult progenitors differentiating into an epithelial cell lineage of the hair follicles.
Journal Sci Rep
Abstract Nestin is an intermediate filament protein transiently expressed in neural stem/progenitor cells. We previously demonstrated that outer root sheath (ORS) keratinocytes of adult hair follicles (HFs) in mice descend from nestin-expressing cells, despite being an epithelial cell lineage. This study determined the exact stage when nestin-expressing ORS stem/precursor cells or their descendants appear during HF morphogenesis, and whether they are present in adult HFs. Using Nes-Cre/CAG-CAT-EGFP mice, in which enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) is expressed following Cre-based recombination driven by the nestin promoter, we found that EGFP+ cells appeared in the epithelial layer of embryonic HFs as early as the peg stage. EGFP+ cells in hair pegs were positive for keratin 14 (K14) and K5, but not vimentin, SOX2, SOX10, or S100 alpha 6. Tracing of tamoxifen-induced EGFP+ cells in postnatal Nes-CreERT2/CAG-CAT-EGFP mice revealed labeling of some isthmus HF epithelial cells in the first anagen stage. EGFP+ cells in adult HFs were not immunolabeled for K15, an HF multipotent stem cell marker. However, when hairs were depilated in Nes-CreERT2/CAG-CAT-EGFP mice to induce the anagen stage after tamoxifen injection, the majority of ORS keratinocytes in depilation-induced anagen HFs were labeled for EGFP. Our findings indicate that nestin-expressing unipotent progenitor cells capable of differentiating into ORS keratinocytes are present in HF primordia and adult HFs.
Volume 12(1)
Pages 17820
Published 2022-10-24
DOI 10.1038/s41598-022-22427-2
PII 10.1038/s41598-022-22427-2
PMID 36280775
PMC PMC9592581
MeSH Animals Biomarkers / metabolism Epithelial Cells* / metabolism Hair Follicle* / metabolism Keratin-14 / genetics Keratin-14 / metabolism Mice Mice, Transgenic Nestin* / genetics Nestin* / metabolism Tamoxifen / metabolism
IF 3.998
Mice RBRC05998 RBRC09806