RRC ID 77833
Author Kuboyama-Sasaki A, Takahashi Y, Xia C, Hiro K, Kobayashi T, Ohdan H, Shimizu M, Yamauchi Y, Kiyono H, Sato R.
Title Establishment of a cell culture platform for human liver organoids and its application for lipid metabolism research.
Journal Biotechnol J
Abstract Human liver organoids (HLOs) are reliable tools to represent physiological human liver biology. However, their use is limited especially in basic sciences. One of the reasons for this would be the insufficient systematic methodology to handle HLOs, including culture system, functional assessment, and gene transduction. Here, we generated and characterized mouse L cells stably and simultaneously overexpressing R-spondin1, hepatocyte growth factor, fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 7, and FGF10 via lentiviral transduction. The conditioned medium of the cells contributed to HLO growth as a replacement of commercially available recombinant proteins, which leads to a significant reduction of their culture cost. Proliferative and maturation phases of the cells were controlled by switching the medium to facilitate the evaluation of hepatocyte function, including insulin responsiveness and intracellular lipid accumulation. Gene expression analysis revealed that HLOs highly expressed genes involved in lipid metabolism. Importantly, HLOs secreted physiologically matured very low-density lipoprotein, which is rarely observed in mice and in established cell lines. Efficient gene transduction into HLOs was achieved via a transient 2-dimensional culture during viral infection. This study provides an invaluable platform for utilizing HLOs in various research fields, such as molecular biology, pharmacology, toxicology, and regenerative medicine.
Pages e2300365
Published 2023-11-2
DOI 10.1002/biot.202300365
PMID 37920068
IF 3.912
DNA material CSII-EF-MCS-IRES2-Venus (RDB04384) pCMV-VSV-G-RSV-Rev (RDB04393) pCAG-HIVgp (RDB04394)