RRC ID 78182
Author Mady LJ, Zhong Y, Dhawan P, Christakos S.
Title Role of Coactivator Associated Arginine Methyltransferase 1 (CARM1) in the Regulation of the Biological Function of 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3.
Journal Cells
Abstract 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3), the hormonally active form of vitamin D, activates the nuclear vitamin D receptor (VDR) to mediate the transcription of target genes involved in calcium homeostasis as well as in non-classical 1,25(OH)2D3 actions. In this study, CARM1, an arginine methyltransferase, was found to mediate coactivator synergy in the presence of GRIP1 (a primary coactivator) and to cooperate with G9a, a lysine methyltransferase, in 1,25(OH)2D3 induced transcription of Cyp24a1 (the gene involved in the metabolic inactivation of 1,25(OH)2D3). In mouse proximal renal tubule (MPCT) cells and in mouse kidney, chromatin immunoprecipitation analysis demonstrated that dimethylation of histone H3 at arginine 17, which is mediated by CARM1, occurs at Cyp24a1 vitamin D response elements in a 1,25(OH)2D3 dependent manner. Treatment with TBBD, an inhibitor of CARM1, repressed 1,25(OH)2D3 induced Cyp24a1 expression in MPCT cells, further suggesting that CARM1 is a significant coactivator of 1,25(OH)2D3 induction of renal Cyp24a1 expression. CARM1 was found to act as a repressor of second messenger-mediated induction of the transcription of CYP27B1 (involved in the synthesis of 1,25(OH)2D3), supporting the role of CARM1 as a dual function coregulator. Our findings indicate a key role for CARM1 in the regulation of the biological function of 1,25(OH)2D3.
Volume 12(10)
Published 2023-5-17
DOI 10.3390/cells12101407
PII cells12101407
PMID 37408241
PMC PMC10216765
MeSH Animals Calcitriol* / metabolism Mice Protein-Arginine N-Methyltransferases* / metabolism Vitamin D* / metabolism Vitamin D3 24-Hydroxylase* / metabolism
Human and Animal Cells MC3T3-E1(RCB1126)