RRC ID 78183
Author Yoshinouchi S, Karouji K, Tominari T, Sugasaki M, Matsumoto C, Miyaura C, Hirata M, Itoh Y, Inada M.
Title Prostate cancer expressing membrane-bound TGF-α induces bone formation mediated by the autocrine effect of prostaglandin E2 in osteoblasts.
Journal Biochem Biophys Res Commun
Abstract Prostate cancer highly metastasizes to bone, and such cancer is associated with severe bone resorption and bone formation at the site of metastasis. Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) promotes bone resorption in inflammatory diseases; however, the roles in prostate cancer-induced bone formation are still unclear. In the present study, we investigated the effects of membrane-bound TGF-α on prostate cancer-induced bone formation through autocrine PGE2 signaling in osteoblasts. In the prostate cancer explant experiment into tibiae, injected prostate cancer cells induced bone formation with the increased expression of osteogenic genes, such as Runx2 and Wnt5a, and prostaglandin synthase Ptgs2. In osteoblasts, PGE2 increased the number of calcified bone nodules with enhanced expression of Runx2 and Wnt5a. We also screened the factors involved in cancer progression, and 11 EGF family members were found to be expressed in the human prostate cancer cell line PC3. PC3 highly expressed amphiregulin, HB-EGF, and especially TGF-α. Treatment with recombinant TGF-α increased the Ptgs2 expression and PGE2 production in osteoblasts, which promoted the formation of calcified bone nodules, suggesting that the interaction between PC3 and osteoblasts promoted PGE2 production. In co-culture of osteoblasts and fixed PC3 cells, the phosphorylation of EGFR and ERK and subsequent Ptgs2 expression and PGE2 production were increased, an effect that was attenuated by treatment with inhibitors of EGFR and ERK. These results indicate that membrane-bound TGF-α enhances ERK signaling while also inducing PGE2-mediated bone formation in osteoblasts, thus suggesting that prostate cancer regulates both PGE2-mediated bone resorption and bone formation at the site of bone metastasis of prostate cancer.
Volume 644
Pages 40-48
Published 2023-2-12
DOI 10.1016/j.bbrc.2022.11.050
PII S0006-291X(22)01599-6
PMID 36623397
MeSH Bone Resorption* / metabolism Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit / metabolism Cyclooxygenase 2 / metabolism Dinoprostone / metabolism ErbB Receptors / metabolism Humans Male Osteoblasts / metabolism Osteogenesis Prostaglandins / metabolism Prostatic Neoplasms* / pathology Transforming Growth Factor alpha / metabolism
Human and Animal Cells MC3T3-E1(RCB1126)