RRC ID 78446
Author Nguyen A, Cannon P, Kandel M, Nguyen TV, Baird L, Wong G, Hannan NJ, Tong S, Bartho L, Kaitu'u-Lino TJ.
Title Cell surface associated protein mucin 15 (MUC15) is elevated in preeclampsia.
Journal Placenta
Abstract BACKGROUND:Mucins are a family of proteins that protect the epithelium. A particular type of mucin, MUC15 is highly expressed in the placenta. This study aimed to characterise MUC15 in preeclampsia and investigate its role in placental stem cell biology.
METHODS:MUC15 mRNA and protein were measured in placentas from patients with early onset (<34 weeks' gestation) preeclampsia. Circulating serum MUC15 was measured via ELISA. MUC15 was localised in the placenta using in situ hybridisation. MUC15 mRNA expression was measured across differentiation of human trophoblast stem cells (hTSCs) to syncytiotrophoblast and extravillous trophoblasts. MUC15 was measured after syncytialised hTSCs were cultured in hypoxic (1% O2) and proinflammatory (TNF α, IL-6) conditions. MUC15 secretion was assessed when syncytialised hTSCs were treated with brefeldin A (impairs protein trafficking) and batimastat (inhibits matrix metalloproteinases).
RESULTS:MUC15 protein was significantly increased in the placenta (P = 0.0003, n = 32 vs n = 20 controls) and serum (P = 0.016, n = 32 vs n = 22 controls) of patients with preeclampsia, whilst MUC15 mRNA remained unchanged (n = 61 vs n = 18 controls). MUC15 mRNA (P = 0.005) and protein secretion (P = 0.006) increased following differentiation to syncytiotrophoblast cells. In situ hybridisation confirmed MUC15 localised to the syncytiotrophoblast cell within the placenta. Neither hypoxic or inflammatory conditions changed MUC15 mRNA expression or secretion. Brefeldin A treated hTSCs did not alter MUC15 secretion, whilst batimastat reduced MUC15 secretion (P = 0.044).
CONCLUSIONS:MUC15 is increased in early onset preeclampsia and is cleaved by matrix metalloproteinases. Increased MUC15 may reflect a protective mechanism associated with placental dysfunction. Further research will aid in confirming this.
Volume 140
Pages 39-46
Published 2023-9-7
DOI 10.1016/j.placenta.2023.07.013
PII S0143-4004(23)00162-5
PMID 37531748
MeSH Brefeldin A / metabolism Female Humans Matrix Metalloproteinases / metabolism Mucins / metabolism Placenta* / metabolism Pre-Eclampsia* / metabolism Pregnancy RNA, Messenger / metabolism Trophoblasts / metabolism
Human and Animal Cells CT27(RCB4936) CT29(RCB4937) CT30(RCB4938) bTS5(RCB4940) bTS11(RCB4941)