RRC ID 78623
Author Katayama H, Fujimura A, Huang R, Otani Y, Itano T, Fujiwara T, Kunisada T, Nakata E, Ozaki T.
Title Role of catecholamine synthases in the maintenance of cancer stem-like cells in malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors.
Journal Cancer Sci
Abstract Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) are malignant tumors that are derived from Schwann cell lineage around peripheral nerves. As in many other cancer types, cancer stem cells (CSCs) have been identified in MPNSTs, and they are considered the cause of treatment resistance, recurrence, and metastasis. As an element defining the cancer stemness of MPNSTs, we previously reported a molecular mechanism by which exogenous adrenaline activates a core cancer stemness factor, YAP/TAZ, through β2 adrenoceptor (ADRB2). In this study, we found that MPNST cells express catecholamine synthases and that these enzymes are essential for maintaining cancer stemness, such as the ability to self-renew and maintain an undifferentiated state. Through gene knockdown and inhibition of these enzymes, we confirmed that catecholamines are indeed synthesized in MPNST cells. The results confirmed that catecholamine synthase knockdown in MPNST cells reduces the activity of YAP/TAZ. These data suggest that a mechanism of YAP/TAZ activation by de novo synthesized adrenaline, as well as exogenous adrenaline, may exist in the maintenance of cancer stemness of MPNST cells. This mechanism not only helps to understand the pathology of MPNST, but could also contribute to the development of therapeutic strategies for MPNST.
Volume 115(3)
Pages 871-882
Published 2024-3-1
DOI 10.1111/cas.16077
PMID 38279513
PMC PMC10921001
MeSH Catecholamines Epinephrine / therapeutic use Humans Nerve Sheath Neoplasms* / pathology Neurofibrosarcoma* Signal Transduction
Human and Animal Cells HS-PSS(RCB2362) HS-Sch-2(RCB2230)