RRC ID 78729
Author Ebata H, Shima T, Iizuka R, Uemura S.
Title Accumulation of TERT in mitochondria exerts two opposing effects on apoptosis.
Journal FEBS Open Bio
Abstract Telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) is a protein that catalyzes the reverse transcription of telomere elongation. TERT is also expected to play a non-canonical role beyond telomere lengthening since it localizes not only in the nucleus but also in mitochondria, where telomeres do not exist. Several studies have reported that mitochondrial TERT regulates apoptosis induced by oxidative stress. However, there is still some controversy as to whether mitochondrial TERT promotes or inhibits apoptosis, mainly due to the lack of information on changes in TERT distribution in individual cells over time. Here, we simultaneously detected apoptosis and TERT localization after oxidative stress in individual HeLa cells by live-cell tracking. Single-cell tracking revealed that the stress-induced accumulation of TERT in mitochondria caused apoptosis, but that accumulation increased over time until cell death. The results suggest a new model in which mitochondrial TERT has two opposing effects at different stages of apoptosis: it predetermines apoptosis at the first stage of cell-fate determination, but also delays apoptosis at the second stage. As such, our data support a model that integrates the two opposing hypotheses on mitochondrial TERT's effect on apoptosis. Furthermore, detailed statistical analysis of TERT mutations, which have been predicted to inhibit TERT transport to mitochondria, revealed that these mutations suppress apoptosis independent of mitochondrial localization of TERT. Together, these results imply that the non-canonical functions of TERT affect a wide range of mitochondria-dependent and mitochondria-independent apoptosis pathways.
Volume 13(9)
Pages 1667-1682
Published 2023-9-1
DOI 10.1002/2211-5463.13682
PMID 37525387
PMC PMC10476567
MeSH Apoptosis Cell Nucleus / metabolism DNA-Directed RNA Polymerases HeLa Cells Humans Mitochondria* / metabolism Telomerase* / genetics Telomerase* / metabolism Telomerase* / pharmacology
Human and Animal Cells HeLa(RCB0007)