RRC ID 78947
Author Jennifer Carlisle Michel, Margaret M. B. Grivette, Amber T. Harshfield, Lisa Huynh, Ava P. Komons, Bradley Loomis, Kaitlan McKinnis, Brennen T. Miller, Ethan Q. Nguyen, Tiffany W. Huang, Sophia Lauf, Elias S. Michel, Mia E. Michel, Jane S. Kissinger, Audrey J. Marsh, William E. Crow, Lila E. Kaye, Abagael M. Lasseigne, Rachel M. Lukowicz-Bedford, Dylan R. Farnsworth, E. Anne Martin, Adam C. Miller
Title Electrical synapse structure requires distinct isoforms of a postsynaptic scaffold
Journal PLOS Genetics
Abstract Electrical synapses are neuronal gap junction (GJ) channels associated with a macromolecular complex called the electrical synapse density (ESD), which regulates development and dynamically modifies electrical transmission. However, the proteomic makeup and molecular mechanisms utilized by the ESD that direct electrical synapse formation are not well understood. Using the Mauthner cell of zebrafish as a model, we previously found that the intracellular scaffolding protein ZO1b is a member of the ESD, localizing postsynaptically, where it is required for GJ channel localization, electrical communication, neural network function, and behavior. Here, we show that the complexity of the ESD is further diversified by the genomic structure of the ZO1b gene locus. The ZO1b gene is alternatively initiated at three transcriptional start sites resulting in isoforms with unique N-termini that we call ZO1b-Alpha, -Beta, and -Gamma. We demonstrate that ZO1b-Beta and ZO1b-Gamma are broadly expressed throughout the nervous system and localize to electrical synapses. By contrast, ZO1b-Alpha is expressed mainly non-neuronally and is not found at synapses. We generate mutants in all individual isoforms, as well as double mutant combinations in cis on individual chromosomes, and find that ZO1b-Beta is necessary and sufficient for robust GJ channel localization. ZO1b-Gamma, despite its localization to the synapse, plays an auxiliary role in channel localization. This study expands the notion of molecular complexity at the ESD, revealing that an individual genomic locus can contribute distinct isoforms to the macromolecular complex at electrical synapses. Further, independent scaffold isoforms have differential contributions to developmental assembly of the interneuronal GJ channels. We propose that ESD molecular complexity arises both from the diversity of unique genes and from distinct isoforms encoded by single genes. Overall, ESD proteomic diversity is expected to have critical impacts on the development, structure, function, and plasticity of electrical transmission.
Volume 19
Pages e1011045
Published 2023-11-27
DOI 10.1371/journal.pgen.1011045
PMID 38011265
PMC PMC10703405
MeSH Animals Electrical Synapses* / physiology Gap Junctions / physiology Ion Channels Protein Isoforms / genetics Proteomics Synapses / genetics Zebrafish* / genetics
IF 5.175
Zebrafish Tol-056