RRC ID 79010
Author Sato M, Ota R, Kobayashi S, Yamakawa-Kobayashi K, Miura T, Ido A, Ohhara Y.
Title Bioproduction of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids by nematode fatty acid desaturases and elongase in Drosophila melanogaster.
Journal Transgenic Res
Abstract n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs), including α-linolenic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), are essential nutrients for vertebrates including humans. Vertebrates are n-3 PUFA-auxotrophic; hence, dietary intake of n-3 PUFAs is required for their normal physiology and development. Although fish meal and oil have been utilized as primary sources of n-3 PUFAs by humans and aquaculture, these traditional n-3 PUFA sources are expected to be exhausted because of the increasing consumption requirements of humans. Hence, it is necessary to establish alternative n-3 PUFA sources to reduce the gap between the supply and demand of n-3 PUFAs. Here, we investigated whether insects, which are considered as a novel source of essential nutrients, could store n-3 PUFAs by the forced expression of n-3 PUFA biosynthetic enzymes. We utilized Drosophila as an insect model to generate transgenic strains expressing Caenorhabditis elegans PUFA biosynthetic enzymes and examined their effects on the proportion of fatty acids. The ubiquitous expression of methyl-end desaturase FAT-1 prominently enhanced the proportions of α-linolenic acid, indicating that FAT-1 is useful for metabolic engineering to fortify α-linolenic acid in insect. Furthermore, the ubiquitous expression of nematode front-end desaturases (FAT-3 and FAT-4), PUFA elongase (ELO-1), and FAT-1 led to EPA bioproduction. Hence, nematode PUFA biosynthetic genes may serve as powerful genetic tools for enhancing the proportion of EPA in insects. This study represents the first step toward the establishment of n-3 PUFA-producing insects.
Volume 32(5)
Pages 411-421
Published 2023-10-1
DOI 10.1007/s11248-023-00363-9
PII 10.1007/s11248-023-00363-9
PMID 37615877
MeSH Animals Caenorhabditis elegans / genetics Caenorhabditis elegans / metabolism Drosophila melanogaster / genetics Drosophila melanogaster / metabolism Fatty Acid Desaturases / genetics Fatty Acid Desaturases / metabolism Fatty Acid Elongases / genetics Fatty Acids Fatty Acids, Omega-3* / genetics Humans alpha-Linolenic Acid
Drosophila DGRC#108069