RRC ID 79052
Author Nakatsu Y, Matsunaga Y, Nakanishi M, Yamamotoya T, Sano T, Kanematsu T, Asano T.
Title Prolyl isomerase Pin1 in skeletal muscles contributes to systemic energy metabolism and exercise capacity through regulating SERCA activity.
Journal Biochem Biophys Res Commun
Abstract The skeletal muscle is a pivotal organ involved in the regulation of both energy metabolism and exercise capacity. There is no doubt that exercise contributes to a healthy life through the consumption of excessive energy or the release of myokines. Skeletal muscles exhibit insulin sensitivity and can rapidly uptake blood glucose. In addition, they can undergo non-shivering thermogenesis through actions of both the sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA) and small peptide, sarcolipin, resulting in systemic energy metabolism. Accordingly, the maintenance of skeletal muscles is important for both metabolism and exercise. Prolyl isomerase Pin1 is an enzyme that converts the cis-trans form of proline residues and controls substrate function. We have previously reported that Pin1 plays important roles in insulin release, thermogenesis, and lipolysis. However, the roles of Pin1 in skeletal muscles remains unknown. To clarify this issue, we generated skeletal muscle-specific Pin1 knockout mice. Pin1 deficiency had no effects on muscle weights, morphology and ratio of fiber types. However, they showed exacerbated obesity or insulin resistance when fed with a high-fat diet. They also showed a lower ability to exercise than wild type mice did. We also found that Pin1 interacted with SERCA and elevated its activity, resulting in the upregulation of oxygen consumption. Overall, our study reveals that Pin1 in skeletal muscles contributes to both systemic energy metabolism and exercise capacity.
Volume 715
Pages 150001
Published 2024-4-24
DOI 10.1016/j.bbrc.2024.150001
PII S0006-291X(24)00537-0
PMID 38676996
Mice RBRC01386