RRC ID 80260
Author Choksket S, Harshvardhan, Rana R, Patil PB, Korpole S.
Title Lysobacter arvi sp. nov. Isolated from Farmland Soil.
Journal Curr Microbiol
Abstract A bacterial strain designated as UC was isolated from farmland soil. Strain UCT formed a pale yellow colony on nutrient agar. Cell morphology revealed it as the rod-shaped bacterium that stained Gram-negative. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis identified strain UCT as a member of the genus Lysobacter that showed high identity with L. soli DCY21T (99.5%), L. panacisoli CJ29T (98.7%), and L. tabacisoli C8-1T (97.9%). It formed a distinct cluster with these strains in the neighbor-joining phylogenetic tree. A similar tree topology was observed in TYGS-based phylogenomic analysis. However, genome sequence analyses of strain UCT showed 87.7% average nucleotide identity and 34.7% digital DNA-DNA hybridization similarity with the phylogenetically closest species, L. soli DCY21T. The similarity was much less with other closely related strains of the genus Lysobacter. The G + C content of strain UCT was 68.1%. Major cellular fatty acids observed were C14:0 iso (13.4%), C15:0 iso (13.6%), and C15:0 anteiso (14.8%). Quinone Q-8 was the major respiratory ubiquinone. Predominant polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, and phosphatidylglycerol. Production of xanthomonadin pigment was observed. Based on phenotypic differences and phylogenomic analysis, strain UCT represents a novel species of the genus Lysobacter, for which the name Lysobacter arvi is proposed. The type strain of the novel species is UCT (= KCTC 92613T = JCM 23757T = MTCC 12824T).
Volume 80(12)
Pages 387
Published 2023-10-25
DOI 10.1007/s00284-023-03486-8
PII 10.1007/s00284-023-03486-8
PMID 37878083
MeSH DNA Farms Lysobacter* / genetics Phylogeny RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics
General Microbes JCM 23757