RRC ID 80489
Author Zhou J, Zhang H, Zhang CJ, Li M.
Title Methanolobus mangrovi sp. nov. and Methanolobus sediminis sp. nov, two novel methylotrophic methanogens isolated from mangrove sediments in China.
Journal Int J Syst Evol Microbiol
Abstract Two methylotrophic methanogens, designated strains FTZ2T and FTZ6T, were isolated from mangrove sediment sampled in Futian Mangrove Nature Reserve in Shenzhen, PR China. Cells of strains FTZ2T and FTZ6T were cocci, with diameters of 0.6-1.0 µm and 0.6-0.9 µm, respectively. Both strains grew on methanol, methylamine, dimethylamine and trimethylamine, but not on acetate, formate, H2/CO2, choline, betaine or dimethyl sulphide. Strain FTZ2T grew at 10-37 °C (optimally at 33 °C), pH 5.5-8.0 (optimally at pH 7.0) and 0-1.03 M NaCl (optimally at 0.17 M NaCl). In contrast, strain FTZ6T grew at 15-42 °C (optimally at 37 °C), pH 5.0-7.5 (optimally pH 6.5) and 0-1.03 M NaCl (optimally at 0.17 M NaCl). Both strains required magnesium for growth and were susceptible to sodium dodecyl sulphate. Biotin was required for the growth of strain FTZ2T but not of strain FTZ6T. The genomic G+C contents of strains FTZ2T and FTZ6T were 41.6 and 40.9 mol%, respectively. Phylogenetic analyses revealed that strain FTZ2T was mostly related to Methanolobus psychrotolerans YSF-03T, with 16S rRNA gene similarity of 98.6 %, an average nucleotide identity (ANI) of 82.5 %, and a digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) of 24.6 %. While strain FTZ6T was mostly related to Methanolobus vulcani PL-12/MT, with 16S rRNA gene similarity of 99.4 %, an ANI of 88.6% and a dDDH of 34.6 %. Based on phenotypic, phylogenetic and genotypic evidence, two novel species of the genus Methanolobus, Methanolobus mangrovi sp. nov. and Methanolobus sediminis sp. nov., are proposed. The type strain of M. mangrovi sp. nov. is FTZ2T (=CCAM 1276T=JCM 39396T) and the type strain of M. sediminis sp. nov. is FTZ6T (=CCAM 1277T=JCM 39397T).
Volume 73(11)
Published 2023-11-1
DOI 10.1099/ijsem.0.006169
PMID 37982371
MeSH Bacterial Typing Techniques Base Composition China DNA, Bacterial / genetics Fatty Acids* / chemistry Methanosarcinaceae Phospholipids / chemistry Phylogeny RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics Sequence Analysis, DNA Sodium Chloride*
Resource
General Microbes JCM 39396 JCM 39397