RRC ID 80496
Author Dai C, Li J, Yan H, Lin W, Luo J.
Title Halothiobacillus diazotrophicus sp. nov., a chemolithoautotrophic sulphur-oxidizing and nitrogen-fixing bacterium isolated from freshwater.
Journal Int J Syst Evol Microbiol
Abstract A sulphur-oxidizing and nitrogen-fixing bacterium, designated strain LS2T, was isolated from freshwater collected from the Pearl River in Guangzhou, PR China. The strain was an obligate chemolithoautotroph, utilizing reduced sulphur compounds (sulphide, sulphite, elemental sulphur, thiosulphate and tetrathionate) as energy sources and electron donors. Diazotrophic growth of strain LS2T was observed at 15-40 °C, pH 5-9, with a NaCl concentration range of 0-0.68 mol l-1 and with oxygen content higher than 21 %. The major cellular fatty acids were summed feature 8 (comprising C18 : 1 ω7c and/or C18 : 1 ω6c) and C16 : 0. The DNA G+C content of the complete genome sequence was 60.7 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain LS2T formed a lineage within the family Halothiobacillaceae, showing gene sequence identity of 96.8 % with its closest relative Halothiobacillus neapolitanus c2. The genome of strain LS2T contains multiple genes encoding sulphur-oxidizing enzymes that catalyse the oxidation of reduced sulphur compounds and an nif complex encoding enzymes for nitrogen fixation. In addition, the genome contains genes encoding cbb3-type cytochrome c oxidase, aa3-type cytochrome c oxidase, bd-type quinol oxidase and cytochrome o oxidase, which enable the survival strain LS2T under oxic and microaerophilic conditions. On the basis of phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic data, strain LS2T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Halothiobacillus, for which the name Halothiobacillus diazotrophicus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is LS2T (=GDMCC 1.4095T=JCM 39442T).
Volume 73(12)
Published 2023-12-1
DOI 10.1099/ijsem.0.006202
PMID 38084669
MeSH Bacterial Typing Techniques Base Composition DNA, Bacterial / genetics Electron Transport Complex IV / genetics Fatty Acids* / chemistry Halothiobacillus* / genetics Halothiobacillus* / metabolism Nitrogen Oxidation-Reduction Phospholipids / chemistry Phylogeny RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics Rivers / microbiology Sequence Analysis, DNA Sulfur / metabolism Sulfur Compounds
General Microbes JCM 39442