RRC ID 80528
Author Sakata S, Sakamaki Y, Yuki M, Sugaya T, Hirota T.
Title Screening of heat-killed lactic acid bacteria based on inhibitory activity against oral bacteria and effects of oral administration of heat-killed Ligilactobacillus salivarius CP3365 on periodontal health in healthy participants: a double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled trial.
Journal J Oral Microbiol
Abstract OBJECTIVES:The aims of this study were to select heat-killed lactic acid bacteria (HKL) with antibiotic activity and investigate the efficacy of this bacteria in maintaining periodontal parameters in healthy participants.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:An in vitro evaluation was conducted to assess the inhibitory efficacy of lactic acid bacteria against Porphyromonas gingivalis and Fusobacterium nucleatum subsp. nucleatum. The effects of HKL administration on various parameters (plaque control record, bleeding on probing, and probing pocket depth) were assessed in a randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Participants in the test and placebo groups (n = 32) consumed oral tablets containing placebo or HKL daily for 8 weeks. Oral bacteria in supra-plaque and saliva were identified using 16S rRNA gene community profiling analysis.
RESULTS:Heat-killed Ligilactobacillus salivarius CP3365 significantly (p < 0.05) decreased the viability of oral bacteria and was selected for clinical trials. Administration of HKL CP3365 significantly (p < 0.05) inhibited increases in each parameter. No changes in the relative abundance of P. gingivalis or F. nucleatum subsp. nucleatum were detected by HKL CP3365, but the relative abundance of oral bacteria (genera Porphyromonas, Fusobacterium, and Haemophilus) was significantly (p < 0.05) decreased.
CONCLUSION:HKL CP3365 effectively inhibited oral bacteria growth and was useful for maintaining periodontal health.
CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION:[https://www.umin.ac.jp/ctr/index.htm], identifier [UMIN000045656].
Volume 15(1)
Pages 2250649
Published 2023-1-1
DOI 10.1080/20002297.2023.2250649
PII 2250649
PMID 37649969
PMC PMC10464545
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