RRC ID 80543
Author Mori F, Ijiri A, Nishimura T, Wakamatsu T, Katsuki N, Morono Y.
Title Cultivation of Piezotolerant and Piezophilic Hyperthermophiles with a Newly Developed Constant High Pressure and Temperature Culturing and Monitoring System.
Journal Microbes Environ
Abstract The Earth's microbial biosphere extends from ambient to extreme environments, including deep-sea hydrothermal vents and subseafloor habitats. Despite efforts to understand the physiological adaptations of these microbes, our knowledge is limited due to the technological challenges associated with reproducing in situ high temperature (HT)-high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) conditions and sampling HT-HHP cultures. In the present study, we developed a new high temperature and pressure (HTP) incubation system that enabled the maintenance of HT-HHP conditions while sampling incubation medium and mostly eliminated non-biological reactions, including hydrogen generation or the leakage of small gaseous molecules. The main characteristics of our system are (1) a chamber made of gold with gold-etched lid parts that suppress the majority of non-biological reactions, (2) the exceptional containment of dissolved gas, even small molecules, such as hydrogen, and (3) the sampling capacity of intra-chamber liquid without depressurization and the isobaric transfer of a culture to inoculate new medium. We initially confirmed the retention of dissolved hydrogen in the incubation container at 82°C and 20‍ ‍MPa for 9 days. Cultivation tests with an obligate hyperthermophilic piezophile (Pyrococcus yayanosii), hydrogenotrophic hyperthermophile (Archaeoglobus profundus), and heterotrophic hyperthermophile (Pyrococcus horikoshii) were successful based on growth monitoring and chemical ana-lyses. During HTP cultivation, we observed a difference in the duration of the lag phase of P. horikoshii, which indicated the potential effect of a pressure change on the physiology of piezophiles. The present results suggest the importance of a cultivation system designed and developed explicitly for HTP conditions with the capacity for sampling without depressurization of the entire system.
Volume 38(6)
Published 2023-1-1
DOI 10.1264/jsme2.ME23055
PMID 37866887
PMC PMC10728627
MeSH Archaea* Ecosystem* Hydrogen Hydrostatic Pressure Temperature
General Microbes JCM 16557 JCM 9629 JCM 9974