RRC ID 80674
Author Gu Y, Tobino T, Nakajima F.
Title Dietborne Toxicity of Tebuconazole to a Benthic Crustacean, Heterocypris incongruens and Its Relative Contribution to the Overall Effects under Food-Water Equilibrium Partitioning.
Journal Environ Sci Technol
Abstract Tebuconazole (TEB), a widely used and persistent pesticide, has garnered attention due to its frequent detection in sediments worldwide. This widespread occurrence has raised concerns about potential dietborne toxicity to benthic crustaceans, as they may ingest contaminated particles in their habitat. While bioaccumulation studies indicate the importance of TEB ingestion for benthic crustaceans, limited data exist on direct dietborne toxicity testing. This study investigated the diet-related toxicity of TEB by subjecting a benthic ostracod, Heterocypris incongruens, to a 6 day toxicity test under dietary and combined exposures. Subsequently, the importance of dietary exposure for TEB toxicity was uncovered, followed by quantification of relative dietborne toxicity contributions using a modified concentration-additive model. Results revealed that the dietary route was more toxicologically significant than the aqueous route in equilibrium. The dietborne lethal concentration (LC50) for TEB on H. incongruens was 200 (170-250) mg/kg, with an 80% relative dietborne toxicity contribution. To gain comprehensive insights into dietborne significance, toxicity data were collected from previous studies involving different pollutants to calculate relative contributions. Finally, the correlation between dietborne toxicity and the partitioning coefficient was analyzed to understand the pollutant behavior and its toxic impact when ingested through the diet.
Volume 58(2)
Pages 1048-1054
Published 2024-1-16
DOI 10.1021/acs.est.3c06609
PMID 38157561
MeSH Animals Crustacea Environmental Pollutants* / toxicity Toxicity Tests / methods Triazoles / toxicity Water Water Pollutants, Chemical* / toxicity
Algae NIES-797