RRC ID 80680
Author Entfellner E, Baumann KBL, Edwards C, Kurmayer R.
Title High Structural Diversity of Aeruginosins in Bloom-Forming Cyanobacteria of the Genus Planktothrix as a Consequence of Multiple Recombination Events.
Journal Mar Drugs
Abstract Many compounds produced by cyanobacteria act as serine protease inhibitors, such as the tetrapeptides aeruginosins (Aer), which are found widely distributed. The structural diversity of Aer is intriguingly high. However, the genetic basis of this remains elusive. In this study, we explored the genetic basis of Aer synthesis among the filamentous cyanobacteria Planktothrix spp. In total, 124 strains, isolated from diverse freshwater waterbodies, have been compared regarding variability within Aer biosynthesis genes and the consequences for structural diversity. The high structural variability could be explained by various recombination processes affecting Aer synthesis, above all, the acquisition of accessory enzymes involved in post synthesis modification of the Aer peptide (e.g., halogenases, glycosyltransferases, sulfotransferases) as well as a large-range recombination of Aer biosynthesis genes, probably transferred from the bloom-forming cyanobacterium Microcystis. The Aer structural composition differed between evolutionary Planktothrix lineages, adapted to either shallow or deep waterbodies of the temperate climatic zone. Thus, for the first time among bloom-forming cyanobacteria, chemical diversification of a peptide family related to eco-evolutionary diversification has been described. It is concluded that various Aer peptides resulting from the recombination event act in chemical defense, possibly as a replacement for microcystins.
Volume 21(12)
Published 2023-12-13
DOI 10.3390/md21120638
PII md21120638
PMID 38132959
PMC PMC10744761
MeSH Cyanobacteria* / genetics Fresh Water Microcystins / genetics Microcystis* Planktothrix Recombination, Genetic
Resource
Algae NIES-98 NIES-102 NIES-204 NIES-298 NIES-843 NIES-2481 NIES-2549