RRC ID 80959
Author Panska L, Nedvedova S, Vacek V, Krivska D, Konecny L, Knop F, Kutil Z, Skultetyova L, Leontovyc A, Ulrychova L, Sakanari J, Asahina M, Barinka C, Macurkova M, Dvorak J.
Title Uncovering the essential roles of glutamate carboxypeptidase 2 orthologs in Caenorhabditis elegans.
Journal Biosci Rep
Abstract Human glutamate carboxypeptidase 2 (GCP2) from the M28B metalloprotease group is an important target for therapy in neurological disorders and an established tumor marker. However, its physiological functions remain unclear. To better understand general roles, we used the model organism Caenorhabditis elegans to genetically manipulate its three existing orthologous genes and evaluate the impact on worm physiology. The results of gene knockout studies showed that C. elegans GCP2 orthologs affect the pharyngeal physiology, reproduction, and structural integrity of the organism. Promoter-driven GFP expression revealed distinct localization for each of the three gene paralogs, with gcp-2.1 being most abundant in muscles, intestine, and pharyngeal interneurons, gcp-2.2 restricted to the phasmid neurons, and gcp-2.3 located in the excretory cell. The present study provides new insight into the unique phenotypic effects of GCP2 gene knockouts in C. elegans, and the specific tissue localizations. We believe that elucidation of particular roles in a non-mammalian organism can help to explain important questions linked to physiology of this protease group and in extension to human GCP2 involvement in pathophysiological processes.
Volume 44(1)
Published 2024-1-31
DOI 10.1042/BSR20230502
PII 233851
PMID 38108122
PMC PMC10794815
MeSH Animals Caenorhabditis elegans* / genetics Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins* / genetics Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins* / metabolism Carboxypeptidases / genetics Carboxypeptidases / metabolism Humans Promoter Regions, Genetic
C.elegans tm6541 tm5414