The nucleotide sequence of a small plasmid, designated pRF-1, isolated from Salmonella enterica serovar Choleraesuis, was determined. We identified seven open reading frames (ORFs) encoded by 6066 nucleotides with a total G + C content of 53.6%. Analysis of the complete nucleotide sequence revealed a replicon of pRF-1 to have high similarity to the p15A origin of replication, with a possible cer-like region. ORF1, which is composed of 816 nucleotides, shows a high degree of similarity to dihydropteroate synthetase encoded by the sulII gene from plasmids in several enteropathogenic bacteria, which functions as the sulfonamide resistance determinant. In fact, Salmonella and Escherichia coli strains carrying pRF-1 were found to show strong resistance to sulfathiazole, suggesting that orf1 is a functional gene. Four of seven ORFs were found to encode putative proteins of unknown function.