RRC ID 1108
Author Güner ES, Watanabe M, Hashimoto N, Kadosaka T, Kawamura Y, Ezaki T, Kawabata H, Imai Y, Kaneda K, Masuzawa T.
Title Borrelia turcica sp. nov., isolated from the hard tick Hyalomma aegyptium in Turkey.
Journal Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol.
Abstract Previously, a novel, fast-growing spirochaete was isolated from the hard tick Hyalomma aegyptium, which infests tortoises (Testudo graeca), by using Barbour-Stoenner-Kelly (BSK) II medium; the tick samples were taken from the Istanbul area in northwestern Turkey [Güner et al. (2003). Microbiology 149, 2539-2544]. Here is presented a detailed characterization of the spirochaete. Electron microscopy revealed that strain IST7T is morphologically similar to other spirochaetes of the genus Borrelia and possesses 15 to 16 flagellae that emerge from both polar regions. PFGE analysis revealed the genome to comprise a linear chromosome of approximately 1 Mb; two large linear plasmids of approximately 145 and 140 kb, and several small plasmids ranging from 50 to 20 kb in size were also found. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of this Borrelia isolate exhibited 99.4 to 99.8 % identity with other strains isolated from H. aegyptium and less than 99 % similarity with those of other Borrelia species. A phylogenetic tree, generated from 16S rRNA gene sequences, demonstrated that the spirochaete isolates from H. aegyptium clustered together and branched off from both Lyme-disease-related and relapsing-fever-associated Borrelia species. A single copy of the rrs gene was detected in the genome of strain IST7T by Southern hybridization. DNA-DNA hybridization results showed that strain IST7T was distinct from Lyme-disease-related Borrelia, Borrelia burgdorferi and the relapsing-fever-associated species Borrelia hermsii. The G+C content of strain IST7T is 30.0 mol%. From these genetic features, a novel Borrelia species, Borrelia turcica sp. nov., is proposed; the type strain is IST7T (= JCM 11958T = DSM 16138T).
Volume 54(Pt 5)
Pages 1649-52
Published 2004-9
DOI 10.1099/ijs.0.03050-0
PII 54/5/1649
PMID 15388724
MeSH Animals Base Composition Blotting, Southwestern Borrelia / classification* Borrelia / genetics Borrelia / isolation & purification* Borrelia / ultrastructure DNA Fingerprinting DNA, Bacterial / analysis DNA, Bacterial / chemistry DNA, Bacterial / isolation & purification DNA, Ribosomal / chemistry DNA, Ribosomal / isolation & purification Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field Flagella Genes, rRNA Ixodidae / microbiology* Microscopy, Electron Molecular Sequence Data Nucleic Acid Hybridization Phylogeny Plasmids / analysis RNA, Bacterial / genetics RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics Sequence Analysis, DNA Tick Infestations / veterinary Turkey Turtles / parasitology
IF 1.932
Times Cited 31
Pathogenic microorganisms JCM 11958