RRC ID 11436
著者 Hirayama M, Mukai T, Miya M, Murata Y, Sekiya Y, Yamashita T, Nishida M, Watabe S, Oda S, Mitani H.
タイトル Intraspecific variation in the mitochondrial genome among local populations of Medaka Oryzias latipes.
ジャーナル Gene
Abstract The draft genome data of Medaka Oryzias latipes shows that it has distinct intraspecific genetic variation. To survey the genetic variations contributing to environmental adaptation, we focused on the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). The complete mtDNA sequences of Medaka were compared among 8 local population stocks and 4 inbred strains established from genetically divergent groups. Inbred strain HSOK, derived from the Eastern Korean group of Medaka, has a mitochondrial gene order that was distinct from other Medaka groups. Phylogenetic trees based on the mitochondrial genome sequences indicated that the mitogenome from the Shanghai stock (China) and HSOK strain were highly diverged from Japanese Medaka, and that the Japanese Medaka mitogenome was diverged into two groups; this result was fully consistent with those of the previous study using mtDNA-encode gene sequences. Among tRNA genes, the most divergent was the tRNA(Thr) gene as reported in humans previously. The number of tandemly repeated 11 nucleotide units in the Medaka mtDNA control region (CR) varied greatly among local populations. The number of repeats was more variable in the Northern Japanese group (10-34) than in the Southern group (7-12), while two other Oryzias species, inhabiting tropical regions, had no repeats. A comprehensive comparison between the number of repeat units and meteorological data indicated that the number of repeats correlated to the index data of a cold environment and seasonal climatic change. In cold (5 degrees C) acclimated fish, the mRNA levels varied among mitochondria coding genes. mRNA of the cytochrome oxidase subunit I gene in some local stocks was induced by cold temperature and seemed to be correlated with the number of repeated sequences in the CR. This study revealed that the repeated sequences in the mtDNA CR might function for mtDNA gene expression and that the number of tandem repeats in Medaka mtDNA is likely related to adaptation to a harsh habitat.
巻・号 457(1-2)
ページ 13-24
公開日 2010-3-3
DOI 10.1016/j.gene.2010.02.012
PII S0378-1119(10)00085-5
PMID 20193748
MeSH Acclimatization / genetics Animals Base Sequence Evolution, Molecular Genes, Mitochondrial Genetic Variation* Genetics, Population Genome, Mitochondrial / genetics* Geography Japan Models, Biological Molecular Sequence Data Nucleic Acid Conformation Organ Specificity / genetics Oryzias / genetics* Phylogeny RNA, Transfer / chemistry RNA, Transfer / genetics Tandem Repeat Sequences / genetics Temperature
IF 2.415
引用数 11
メダカ HNI-II (IB176) KAGA inbred strain (IB833) Maizuru (WS215) Kinosaki (WS219) Toyooka (WS22) Kesennuma (WS224) Amino (WS241) Kumihama 23 Hamasaka (WS222) HSOK (IB183) Hd-rR (IB178) O. curvinotus O. luzonensis (RS270)