RRC ID 12735
Author Tsukamoto H, Irie A, Chen YZ, Takeshita K, Kim JR, Nishimura Y.
Title TCR ligand avidity determines the mode of B-Raf/Raf-1/ERK activation leading to the activation of human CD4+ T cell clone.
Journal Eur J Immunol
Abstract The interactions between peptide/MHC complexes and their cognate TCR are essential for various T cell responses. However, the relationship between the avidity of TCR ligand and the subsequent intracellular signaling through the TCR is still unclear. To investigate the effects of TCR ligand avidity on TCR-mediated signaling, we established L cells expressing HLA-DR4 molecules covalently linked with agonistic peptide (high-affinity ligand) or altered peptide ligand (APL; low-affinity ligand) at various densities as APC for a cognate human CD4(+) T cell clone. Using this system, we demonstrated that the T cell clone stimulated with APL/HLA-DR4 complexes presented at an excessive density provoked the up-regulation of CD69, IL-2 production and proliferation, but no detectable phosphorylation of ZAP-70/LAT/SLP-76. Furthermore, in contrast to the high-affinity stimulation, the low-affinity stimulation evoked delayed and sustained activation of the B-Raf/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway without Raf-1 activation. The strength and duration of B-Raf/ERK activations closely correlated with the density of the TCR ligand. A knockdown approach confirmed that B-Raf activation was indispensable for the APL-induced T cell responses. These observations suggest that the differences in TCR-peptide/MHC interactions reflect the strength and duration of B-Raf/Raf-1/ERK activation in the human CD4(+) T cells.
Volume 36(7)
Pages 1926-37
Published 2006-7-1
DOI 10.1002/eji.200535803
PMID 16791876
MeSH Amino Acid Sequence Animals Aotidae CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes / enzymology CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes / immunology CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes / metabolism* Cell Transformation, Viral Cells, Cultured Clone Cells Enzyme Activation / immunology Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases / metabolism* HLA-DR4 Antigen / physiology Herpesvirus 2, Saimiriine Humans Jurkat Cells L Cells Ligands Lymphocyte Activation / immunology* Mice Mice, Inbred C57BL Molecular Sequence Data NIH 3T3 Cells PC12 Cells Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf / metabolism* Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-raf / metabolism* Rats Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell / metabolism*
IF 4.695
Times Cited 13
WOS Category IMMUNOLOGY
Resource
DNA material CS-RfA-EG (RDB04391) pCAG-HIVgp (RDB04394) pCMV-VSV-G-RSV-Rev (RDB04393)