RRC ID 28646
Author Fukasawa KM, Hirose J, Hata T, Ono Y.
Title Aspartic acid 405 contributes to the substrate specificity of aminopeptidase B.
Journal Biochemistry
Abstract Aminopeptidase B (EC, ApB) specifically cleaves in vitro the N-terminal Arg or Lys residue from peptides and synthetic derivatives. Ap B was shown to have a consensus sequence found in the metallopeptidase family. We determined the putative zinc binding residues (His324, His328, and Glu347) and the essential Glu325 residue for the enzyme using site-directed mutagenesis (Fukasawa, K. M., et al. (1999) Biochem. J. 339, 497-502). To identify the residues binding to the amino-terminal basic amino acid of the substrate, rat cDNA encoding ApB was cloned into pGEX-4T-3 so that recombinant protein was expressed as a GST fusion protein. Twelve acidic amino acid residues (Glu or Asp) in ApB were replaced with a Gln or Asn using site-directed mutagenesis. These mutants were isolated to characterize the kinetic parameters of enzyme activity toward Arg-NA and compare them to those of the wild-type ApB. The catalytic efficiency (kcat/Km) of the mutant D405N was 1.7 x 10(4) M(-1) s(-1), markedly decreased compared with that of the wild-type ApB (6.2 x 10(5) M(-1) s(-1)). The replacement of Asp405 with an Asn residue resulted in the change of substrate specificity such that the specific activity of the mutant D405N toward Lys-NA was twice that toward Arg-NA (in the case of wild-type ApB; 0.4). Moreover, when Asp405 was replaced with an Ala residue, the kcat/Km ratio was 1000-fold lower than that of the wild-type ApB for hydrolysis of Arg-NA; in contrast, in the hydrolysis of Tyr-NA, the kcat/Km ratios of the wild-type (1.1 x 10(4) M(-1) s(-1)) and the mutated (8.2 x 10(3) M(-1) s(-1)) enzymes were similar. Furthermore, the replacement of Asp-405 with a Glu residue led to the reduction of the kcat/Km ratio for the hydrolysis of Arg-NA by a factor of 6 and an increase of that for the hydrolysis of Lys-NA. Then the kcat/Km ratio of the D405E mutant for the hydrolysis of Lys-NA was higher than that for the hydrolysis of Arg-NA as opposed to that of wild-type ApB. These data strongly suggest that the Asp 405 residue is involved in substrate binding via an interaction with the P1 amino group of the substrate's side chain.
Volume 45(38)
Pages 11425-31
Published 2006-9-26
DOI 10.1021/bi0604577
PMID 16981702
MeSH Alanine / metabolism Amino Acid Sequence Amino Acid Substitution Aminopeptidases / chemistry* Aminopeptidases / isolation & purification Aminopeptidases / metabolism* Animals Arginine / analogs & derivatives Arginine / chemistry Arginine / metabolism Aspartic Acid / metabolism* Epoxide Hydrolases / chemistry Epoxide Hydrolases / metabolism Glutamic Acid / metabolism Hydrolysis Kinetics Models, Biological Molecular Sequence Data Mutagenesis, Site-Directed Mutant Proteins / chemistry Mutant Proteins / metabolism Protein Binding Rats Recombinant Proteins / chemistry Recombinant Proteins / isolation & purification Sequence Alignment Structure-Activity Relationship Substrate Specificity
IF 2.997
Times Cited 11
DNA material pGEXRApB (RDB07718)