RRC ID 2920
Author Fahrbach M, Kuever J, Meinke R, Kämpfer P, Hollender J.
Title Denitratisoma oestradiolicum gen. nov., sp. nov., a 17beta-oestradiol-degrading, denitrifying betaproteobacterium.
Journal Int J Syst Evol Microbiol
Abstract A Gram-negative, motile, denitrifying bacterium (strain AcBE2-1(T)) was isolated from activated sludge of a municipal wastewater treatment plant using 17beta-oestradiol (E2) as sole source of carbon and energy. Cells were curved rods, 0.4-0.8 x 0.8-2.0 microm in size, non-fermentative, non-spore-forming, oxidase-positive and catalase-negative. E2 was oxidized completely to carbon dioxide and water by reduction of nitrate to a mixture of dinitrogen monoxide and dinitrogen, with the intermediate accumulation of nitrite. Electron recoveries were between 90 and 100 %, taking assimilated E2 into account. With nitrate as the electron acceptor, the bacterium also grew on fatty acids (C(2) to C(6)), isobutyrate, crotonate, dl-lactate, pyruvate, fumarate and succinate. Phylogenetic analysis of its 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain AcBE2-1(T) represents a separate line of descent within the family Rhodocyclaceae (Betaproteobacteria). The closest relatives are the cholesterol-degrading, denitrifying bacteria Sterolibacterium denitrificans DSM 13999(T) and strain 72Chol (=DSM 12783), with <93.9 % sequence similarity. The G+C content of the DNA was 61.4 mol%. Detection of a quinone system with ubiquinone Q-8 as the predominant compound and a fatty acid profile that included high concentrations of C(16 : 1)omega7c/iso-C(15 : 0) 2-OH and C(16 : 0), in addition to C(18 : 1)omega7c and small amounts of C(8 : 0) 3-OH, supported the results of the phylogenetic analysis. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence data in combination with chemotaxonomic and physiological data, strain AcBE2-1(T) (=DSM 16959(T)=JCM 12830(T)) is placed in a new genus Denitratisoma gen. nov. as the type strain of the type species Denitratisoma oestradiolicum gen. nov., sp. nov.
Volume 56(Pt 7)
Pages 1547-1552
Published 2006-7-1
DOI 10.1099/ijs.0.63672-0
PMID 16825628
MeSH Base Composition Betaproteobacteria / classification* Betaproteobacteria / genetics Betaproteobacteria / isolation & purification Betaproteobacteria / metabolism* Biodegradation, Environmental Carbohydrate Metabolism Carbon Dioxide / metabolism Catalase / analysis DNA, Bacterial / chemistry DNA, Bacterial / genetics DNA, Ribosomal / chemistry DNA, Ribosomal / genetics Estradiol / metabolism* Fatty Acids / chemistry Fatty Acids / metabolism Genes, rRNA Molecular Sequence Data Movement Nitrogen / metabolism* Oxidoreductases / analysis Phylogeny Quinones / analysis Quinones / chemistry RNA, Bacterial / genetics RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics Sequence Analysis, DNA Sewage / microbiology* Spores, Bacterial Water / metabolism Water Microbiology
IF 2.415
Times Cited 143
Pathogenic microorganisms JCM 12830?