RRC ID 30377
Author Nishida K, Yagisawa F, Kuroiwa H, Nagata T, Kuroiwa T.
Title Cell cycle-regulated, microtubule-independent organelle division in Cyanidioschyzon merolae.
Journal Mol Biol Cell
Abstract Mitochondrial and chloroplast division controls the number and morphology of organelles, but how cells regulate organelle division remains to be clarified. Here, we show that each step of mitochondrial and chloroplast division is closely associated with the cell cycle in Cyanidioschyzon merolae. Electron microscopy revealed direct associations between the spindle pole bodies and mitochondria, suggesting that mitochondrial distribution is physically coupled with mitosis. Interconnected organelles were fractionated under microtubule-stabilizing condition. Immunoblotting analysis revealed that the protein levels required for organelle division increased before microtubule changes upon cell division, indicating that regulation of protein expression for organelle division is distinct from that of cytokinesis. At the mitochondrial division site, dynamin stuck to one of the divided mitochondria and was spatially associated with the tip of a microtubule stretching from the other one. Inhibition of microtubule organization, proteasome activity or DNA synthesis, respectively, induced arrested cells with divided but shrunk mitochondria, with divided and segregated mitochondria, or with incomplete mitochondrial division restrained at the final severance, and repetitive chloroplast division. The results indicated that mitochondrial morphology and segregation but not division depend on microtubules and implied that the division processes of the two organelles are regulated at distinct checkpoints.
Volume 16(5)
Pages 2493-502
Published 2005-5-1
DOI 10.1091/mbc.e05-01-0068
PII E05-01-0068
PMID 15772156
PMC PMC1087252
MeSH Algal Proteins / metabolism Base Sequence Cell Cycle Cell Division Chloroplasts / ultrastructure DNA Replication / drug effects DNA, Algal / biosynthesis DNA, Algal / genetics Dynamin I / metabolism Microscopy, Electron Microtubules / drug effects Microtubules / ultrastructure Organelles / ultrastructure Proteasome Inhibitors Rhodophyta / cytology Rhodophyta / genetics Rhodophyta / metabolism Rhodophyta / ultrastructure* Spindle Apparatus / ultrastructure
IF 3.791
Times Cited 43
Algae NIES-3377