Hosoe T, Okada H, Itabashi T, Nozawna K, Okada K, Takaki GM, Fukushima K, Miyaji M, Kawai K.
In the course of searching for new antifungal agents, a new pentanorlanostane derivative, cladosporide A (1), was isolated along with ergosterol, ergosterol peroxide and 23,24,25,26,27-pentanorlanost-8-ene-3beta,22-diol (2) from Cladosporium sp. as a characteristic antifungal agent against the human pathogenic filamentous fungus Aspergillus fumigatus. The structure of 1 was established as 3beta,22-dihydroxy-23,24,25,26,27-pentanorlanostane-29-al by spectroscopic and chemical investigation and X-ray crystallographic analysis. Inhibitory activity against A. fumigatus (IC80 0.5-4.0 microg/ml) was observed for cladosporide A (1), but no activity was observed against pathogenic yeasts, Candida albicans and Cryptococcus neoformans, and other pathogenic filamentous fungi, Aspergillus niger and A. flavus. The 4beta-aldehyde residue in 1 might be essential for the antifungal activity, since 23,24,25,26,27-pentanorlanost-8-ene-3beta,22-diol (2) showed no inhibition against the above four fungi.