Ito S, Ueda T, Ueno A, Nakagawa H, Taniguchi H, Kayukawa N, Miki T.
A genetic screen in Drosophila for regulators of human prostate cancer progression.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun
To uncover the mechanism by which human prostate cancer progresses, we performed a genetic screen for regulators of human prostate cancer progression using the Drosophila accessory gland, a functional homolog of the mammalian prostate. Cell growth and migration of secondary cells in the adult male accessory gland were found to be regulated by paired, N-cadherin, and E-cadherin, which are Drosophila homologues of regulators of human prostate cancer progression. Using this screening system, we also identified three genes that promoted growth and migration of secondary cells in the accessory gland. The human homologues of these candidate genes - MRGBP, CNPY2, and MEP1A - were found to be expressed in human prostate cancer model cells and to promote replication and invasiveness in these cells. These findings suggest that the development of the Drosophila accessory gland and human prostate cancer cell growth and invasion are partly regulated through a common mechanism. The screening system using the Drosophila accessory gland can be a useful tool for uncovering the mechanisms of human prostate cancer progression.
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing / genetics
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing / physiology
Carrier Proteins / genetics
Carrier Proteins / physiology
Cell Line, Tumor
Cell Movement / genetics
Exocrine Glands / chemistry
Metalloendopeptidases / genetics
Metalloendopeptidases / physiology
Neoplasm Invasiveness / physiopathology
Prostatic Neoplasms / physiopathology*
BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY