RRC ID 31993
Author Kodama Y, Fujishima M.
Title Symbiotic Chlorella variabilis incubated under constant dark conditions for 24 hours loses the ability to avoid digestion by host lysosomal enzymes in digestive vacuoles of host ciliate Paramecium bursaria.
Journal FEMS Microbiol Ecol
Abstract Endosymbiosis between symbiotic Chlorella and alga-free Paramecium bursaria cells can be induced by mixing them. To establish the endosymbiosis, algae must acquire temporary resistance to the host lysosomal enzymes in the digestive vacuoles (DVs). When symbiotic algae isolated from the alga-bearing paramecia are kept under a constant dark conditions for 24 h before mixing with the alga-free paramecia, almost all algae are digested in the host DVs. To examine the cause of algal acquisition to the host lysosomal enzymes, the isolated algae were kept under a constant light conditions with or without a photosynthesis inhibitor 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea for 24 h, and were mixed with alga-free paramecia. Unexpectedly, most of the algae were not digested in the DVs irrespective of the presence of the inhibitor. Addition of 1 mM maltose, a main photosynthetic product of the symbiotic algae or of a supernatant of the isolated algae kept for 24 h under a constant light conditions, did not rescue the algal digestion in the DVs. These observations reveal that unknown factors induced by light are a prerequisite for algal resistance to the host lysosomal enzymes.
Volume 90(3)
Pages 946-55
Published 2014-12-8
DOI 10.1111/1574-6941.12448
PMID 25348325
MeSH Chlorella / metabolism* Chlorella / parasitology* Darkness* Diuron / pharmacology Lysosomes / enzymology* Lysosomes / metabolism Maltose / pharmacology Paramecium / metabolism* Photosynthesis / drug effects Photosynthesis / physiology* Symbiosis*
IF 3.675
Times Cited 13
Paramecium Yad1w (PB031012B) Yad1g1N (PB031010B)