Takahashi H, Nishimura J, Kagawa Y, Kano Y, Takahashi Y, Wu X, Hiraki M, Hamabe A, Konno M, Haraguchi N, Takemasa I, Mizushima T, Ishii M, Mimori K, Ishii H, Doki Y, Mori M, Yamamoto H.
Polypyrimidine tract-binding protein (PTBP1) is an RNA-binding protein with various molecular functions related to RNA metabolism and a major repressive regulator of alternative splicing, causing exon skipping in numerous alternatively spliced pre-mRNAs. Here, we have investigated the role of PTBP1 in colorectal cancer. PTBP1 expression levels were significantly overexpressed in cancerous tissues compared with corresponding normal mucosal tissues. We also observed that PTBP1 expression levels, c-MYC expression levels, and PKM2:PKM1 ratio were positively correlated in colorectal cancer specimens. Moreover, PTBP1 expression levels were positively correlated to poor prognosis and lymph node metastasis. In analyses of colorectal cancer cells using siRNA for PTBP1, we observed that PTBP1 affects cell invasion, which was partially correlated to CD44 splicing, and this correlation was also confirmed in clinical samples. PTBP1 expression also affected anchorage-independent growth in colorectal cancer cell lines. PTBP1 expression also affected cell proliferation. Using time-lapse imaging analysis, PTBP1 was implicated in prolonged G2-M phase in HCT116 cells. As for the mechanism of prolonged G2-M phase in HCT116 siPTBP1 cells, Western blotting revealed that PTBP1 expression level was correlated to CDK11(p58) expression level, which was reported to play an important role on progression to complete mitosis. These findings indicated that PTBP1 is a potential therapeutic target for colorectal cancer.